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Bionic Yourself V2.0

Project Bionic Yourself (B10N1C) is a small implant for your arm that makes you a bionic-superhero.

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This project was created on 08/20/2014 and last updated a month ago.

Description
Project Bionic Yourself (B10N1C) is a small implant for your arm that makes you a bionic-superhero. The idea comes from utilizing technology to give you a super ability such as wireless control devices by moving a single finger, sense electromagnetic fields, and even scan RFID keys while all being stored inside your body. While these are a few examples, the possibilities range much further. It's also a user-integrated hacker tool that has the opportunity to change life as we know it.

The goal of the B10N1C is to explore the application of a small, safe, robust implant that communicates with the outside world through technology and the various user interfaces found in one’s day to day life.

The proposed project hinges on the idea of becoming bionically similar to Robocop. Using my knowledge of implantable materials (silicone, polyurethane, etc), I hope to upgrade my body to communicate with the tech-friendly culture that we live in today.
Details

By having the system permanently embedded in your body, you have a different type of controlled environment which cannot be interfered with by the various day to day lives of people.

The electronic components within the system are small but require a 3D model to assist in keeping the system as small as possible. A draft of the 3D design can be see below.

Electronic Components

INA333 + AD8692ARMZ + OPA364
Op-amps for Electromyography (EMG) muscle bioelectrical activity circuit (page 32,41). or sense electromagnetic fields.

MMA8451
14bit accelerometer has a built-in low and high-pass filter. Shake, Single, Double and Directional Tap Detection. Freefall and Motion Detection.

8 X 0603 bright white SMD leds
LED bar graph, allows menu for cyber tools and data visualization through skin.

SPU0410HR5H-PB
MEMS microphone for sound visualizer on LED bar graph (VU meters).

PN523
RFID & NFC reader/writer to allow arm-over access to data from other RFID/NFC applications.

24LC1025
Memory, stores RFID tags, data from the temperature & accelerometer.

HTU21D
High Precision Temperature Sensor, realtime monitor of your body's temperature.

ATMEGA328P
Atmel picoPower 8-bit AVR RISC-based microcontroller.

BlueGiga BLE113 with Cable Replacement firmware
Uploading Arduino code over the air (Bluetooth to serial converter).

NRF8001
Single-chip Bluetooth® low energy Connectivity IC.

301218HS20C
20mAh Super Safe Fullriver Lipo Battery.

BQ51013B
Coil charger for wireless charging capability.

LTC4065
LiPo Battery Charger.

MCP1700
Linear Voltage Regulator. 1.6 µA Quiescent Current.

DRV5013
Digital-Latch Hall Effect Sensor. For enabling/disabling Bluetooth To Serial converter.


LED bar graph


RX/TX/Status LED


Safety and Materials

  • Bionic Yourself (B10N1C) shell/enclosure will be made from a medical grade silicone
  • 316L Stainless Steel EMG Terminals will be utilized by piercing Barbels MAKE-UB312-micro.
  • Special super safe Lipo battery Fullriver (301218HS20C)
  • Humidity sensor (HTU21D) for safety, if humidity level rises inside enclosure, that means it is time to remove the device.


Reference

  • EMG circuit from BITalino project (page 32,41)
  • Adafruit Arduino libraries and reference schematic for MMA8451, HTU21D, NRF8001.


Project Schedule

  • Mechanical design, large electronic component arrangement [ DONE ]
  • Breadboarding and making final decision on components [ DONE ]
  • Design schematic and PCB in Eagle [ IN PROCESS ]
  • Assemble and test without implanting
  • Implant in arm at a licensed body modification studio


THP Semi-Finalist Video


Hackaday provides the best place to publish this project, because it is a project that hackers will appreciate. Part of the appeal in releasing this project on Hackaday is to open the doors to criticism and improvement. Let's build the smallest, safest, simplest, and most robust low-energy implant with uploading Arduino code over the air.

Components
  • 1 × INA333 Amplifier and Linear ICs / Instrumentation Amplifiers
  • 1 × AD8692ARMZ Amplifier and Linear ICs / Operational Amplifiers
  • 1 × MMA8451 14-bit/8-bit LowPower Digital Accelerometer
  • 8 × Bright white SMD leds (0603 package)
  • 1 × SPU0410HR5H-PB MEMS Microphone
  • 1 × PN532 RFID & NFC reader/writer
  • 1 × 24LC1025 i2c Memory ICs / EEPROM
  • 1 × HTU21D Sensors / Temperature & Humidity
  • 1 × ATMEGA328P Microprocessors, Microcontrollers, DSPs / ARM, RISC-Based Microcontrollers
  • 1 × BlueGiga BLE113 Bluetooth to serial converter

See all components

Project logs

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Discussions

Benjamin Vernoux wrote a day ago point

Just an advice you should change the MCU by an MSP432 => 95uA / MHz versus 200uA / MHz for ATMEGA328 ...

Also MSP432 is a real MCU => ARM 32bits with FPU

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Gavin wrote 4 days ago point

would it have to be arduino based or is it open to modification? 

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Xun Han wrote 24 days ago point

good,amazing!!

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Ben Pottinger wrote a month ago point

I'd be concerned about putting a bright blue LED under my skin.  LEDs (as I'm sure you know) emit light in very narrow frequencies and they are discovering that "blue" LEDs/lasers seem to have some detrimental effects.  The effects range from minor and annoying to frightening and dangerous.  Like so many things medical they don't really seem to know/agree on *why* it can be a problem, just that it can/is a problem.  Seems a simple enough fix, use another color.

Personally I wouldn't put *anything* made from off the shelf china-mart electronics under my skin, I've spent far too much of my life in hospitals and Dr offices already.  But that's another argument altogether ;)  good luck.

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The Doctor wrote a month ago point

Be careful. This WILL turn out very bad if it ends up in the wrong hands once its finished. And please be the first person to actually listen to me.

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Stryker295 wrote a month ago point

Anyone who gives themselves implants without understanding what they're doing deserves whatever outcome they end up with.

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Crystalsierra wrote 2 months ago point

I would test this out in a heart beat.

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Jack Didesch wrote 2 months ago -1 point

I'd love to test this but I am a bit hesitant about the vibration. Also I think a heart moniter would be a great addition. I think you should consider finding space for a flat led. Also (This might be a stupid question, but what about airport security?)

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Steampowered1224 wrote 3 months ago point

Very interested in this implant! :D

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allstargajo wrote 3 months ago point

Registered just to support this. If there's anyway one can assist (funding, testing) please let it be known.

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Amom Mandel wrote 3 months ago 1 point
Expect :D

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Liam Dickson wrote 4 months ago 1 point
I would totally sign up for this in a heart beat! There is only one thing that I would ever even think to add to this and that would be some way to read the heart rate of the person. This is just the first aider in me talking because it is already in the skin to begin with so it wouldnt take much more to do. Though it isnt hard to make a pulse and blood oxygen sensor to place into a board like that!

I only have one question about it... Are you close to Canada at all :D

If you need a test subject let me know!

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Stryker295 wrote 4 months ago point
I think adding a heart rate monitor would just take up even more space, and the idea is to get this as small as possible... not to mention, it seems everyone and their dog these days already has some sort of heart monitor on them, so it'd be a bit of a waste :P

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PointyOintment wrote 4 months ago 1 point
It already has EMG electrodes; maybe those could be used for ECG too, though it would be pretty far from the heart, and only on one side of the body, so far from optimal. A pulse oximeter would be better, and I agree that it wouldn't be too hard to add—there's been a tiny one available as a kit for a year or so, and it's pretty simple. Also, many fitness tracking devices have them, and so does the Apple Watch. For first aid, it would be really convenient if the device could somehow detect that there's an emergency and use its LEDs to indicate the person's pulse to first aiders.

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Liam Dickson wrote 4 months ago point
upon review, I agree. It should be possible to modify the electrodes for pulse detection. Though I had an idea, it would be possible to use the Bluetooth and make either a chest mounted ecg or a wrist mounted ecg. Just concepts

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renan.nogueiraa wrote 5 months ago 2 points
I wanna volunteer myself for this project! :D Amazing!

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Tophness wrote 5 months ago point
I would recommend using something like the ESP8266 for WiFi which includes a 72mhz 32bit arm processor. Saves space while reducing costs and increasing computing power.
I'm also happy to guineapig. I've been wanting to build something like this myself but I didn't have this many fucks to give to actually plan this all out. Ur a deadset legend.

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Meta765 wrote 5 months ago point
This is simply amazing work. I'm reading on the technology right now. I want
one! And i also make an excellent LAB rat ;)

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matt.a.thurman wrote 6 months ago 1 point
I would be concerned about a few things here, first of all getting a 2.4GHz signal out of the body may prove difficult because of the dermal layer. Its generally modeled as a resistor in series with a parallel RC network. This seems like a low pass filter so you may need a wire to travel to the surface and be attached to the outside of the skin.

also the sensor electrodes - any thought on what material? different materials interact with the body differently and the wrong choice of material could result in a wicked immune response and even death if left untreated.

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Marcus wrote 6 months ago point
I thought the Bluetooth signal wouldn't make it through skin either, but the Circadia implant demonstrates otherwise: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clIiP1H3Opw

"shell/enclosure will be made from a medical grade silicone... EMG terminals made from medical grade Stainless Steel 304" and I believe that is all that is in contact with the body.

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
Yes, Circadia proved that it works.

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matt.a.thurman wrote 6 months ago point
hmm i stand corrected, incredible.

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Marcus wrote 6 months ago point
Have you thought about keeping a longer list of what applications this has (as currently designed)? To satisfy my OCD and keep your comments section neat, I might start a list as a reply to this comment.

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Marcus wrote 6 months ago point
- I think the vibrator would make the best alarm clock, both impossible to ignore and wouldn't wake the person next to you.
- Say you had to take drugs at certain times, stick an RFID tag on the drug bottle and use the motor or lights to remind you until the tag is scanned.
- I wonder if a soldier/hunter/sports shooter could keep track of ammo using the accelerometer to detect when a bullet is fired?
- Of course there is all the lock/key applications that are obvious for any implanted RFID.
- Detect 50hz current to warn you there is a live 240V wire near?
- If it was possible to use it as a vibrator ringer for your phone through the bluetooth connection, maybe you could also use it to notify you when you leave your phone behind (and the bluetooth connection breaks)?

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
A lot of these sound really cool! This is a great example of what can be accomplished with Bionic Yourself.
Yes! The point of my project is to have an implantable device that can be reprogrammed and allow the user to explore all sorts of possibilities.

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Marcus wrote 6 months ago point
Would it be possible to drive a small current through the EMG terminals, just enough to make a tingling sensation (no idea how you would determine the number of milliamps in a `tingle')? That could be another form of feedback without increasing the mechanical components. It could be an appropriate form of feedback for something like a drug reminder: you could ignore it for a bit if you were busy, but you are not going to forget about it.

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
Like a small electric shock, it's great idea! Yes, it's possible with additional circuit. I will try to include this feature. Thanks Marcus.

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Marcus wrote 5 months ago point
I wonder if the EMG terminals will be able to accurately detect how hard you are squeezing your fist? If so, you could link Bionic Yourself with the Electric Bubblegum Board: http://hackaday.com/2014/10/20/electric-bubblegum-board/ and do away with the Wii controller, instead use fist pressure to control how fast you go.

Actually all you would need to detect is binary 'fist/no-fist', and integrate that signal over a second to get desired speed. Pump your fist to generate a 'PWM' signal.

I admit if you were going fast and wanted to brake it would take a second to react, but skateboarding isn't safe to begin with, just jump off if you're in that much trouble.

If I had this set up I would initiate the bluetooth link by tapping the Morse code for "Like a boss" on the implant. :D

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Kevin Isageek wrote 6 months ago point
What sort of lifespan would this have in the body? Would be a bit sucky if you had to replace it every few years. If the moisture level does rise,inside the implant, can the implant be removed and dried out?

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
Good question. The moisture level shouldn't raise with time. For safety I have humidity sensor, if humidity level rises inside enclosure, that means it is time to remove the device. The average lifespan of a silicone implant is about 10-15 years.

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SpireCoder wrote 6 months ago point
It looks promising, especially the led display. maybe you could arrange the leds like 1 or 2x 7 segment displays to display numbers and letters?.

One thing that does scare me a little is the vibration motor.. wouldn't that cause discomfort or possibly inflict damage to arteries and such?.

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
I had considered using a segmented LED but seeing they’re on a PCB, I was worried about the increase in size the overall implantable would be.

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PointyOintment wrote 6 months ago point
If you could manage to fit in 4 7-segment digits, it could be a (simple to read) watch!

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Stryker295 wrote 6 months ago point
Those are actually rather thick D:

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James wrote 6 months ago point
It seems like you got quite the volunteer list, I would like to add myself as well. I already have a magnetic implant to get a bit close to part of what you are trying to accomplish. I know a guy who can coat your device in implantable silicone. This is a concept that I have been thinking about for quite a while and seems like you beat me to the punch although my technical skills aren't quite where yours are. One thing I was wondering is if it would be easier to add programming/charging via transdermals?

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
Cool! thanks for help. I will contact you!
From one side it’s easier less electronics, but from other side it will add more mechanical components. More sophisticated mechanical design will decrease robustness, for example you can accidentally strip off transdermals terminals. The procedure itself is more complex.
It is very important to note that transdermal implants can be very difficult to heal. Many tend to stay in a continual state of "not fully healed" and often have scarred and irritated skin surrounding them. Healing can take up to two years to complete. Rejection can occur even after the transdermal is fully healed if it is accidentally bumped (though this is true of any surface piercing as well). However, while success is by no means guaranteed, there are several people who have managed to keep theirs for several years, even as long as a decade or more.

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L.E. Z wrote 6 months ago point
Simply brilliant. One of the best projects I have seen yet. I would volunteer myself for testing if needed.

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txyz.info wrote 6 months ago point
Thank you!

Are you sure? [yes] / [no]

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