The security of your website’s domain is as important to the integrity of your business as it is to you. Cyber threats are fast taking more sophisticated forms and users are fast questioning the protection of the sites they visit.
Admittedly, securing domain names is exactly a part of website security policies that comes to mind when setting up a website. But at the risk of losing traffic and going through the painstaking recovery process upon breach, it is perhaps the most important prospect to take into account.
In this piece, we will be guiding you through the steps that will ensure the protection of your site’s domain is at its peak.
1. Understand the Looming Threats
The paramount step towards protection is to know the looming threats. You can hardly issue barricades and security policies without identifying the likely threats. Hence, the first step is to identify what could affect your domain name.
Your domain name could be hijacked through different ways such as pharming and phishing. With pharming, all that is needed by the attacker is access to the account held with the domain name’s registrar and your website’s traffic is diverted to another.
Phishing, on the other hand, plays at deception by tricking domain owners into believing an email or link is from the website’s registrar. However, this is just a ruse to extract information from the website and upon access; the attacker exploits the vulnerability of the website.
2. Try Stronger Passwords.
Without unauthorized access to your accounts, it is easier to protect your domain. The key to this is to safeguard your accounts jealously. The first step is to secure your passwords. Try your hands at stronger passwords.
It doesn’t necessarily have to long and complex. Just be sure it is not linked to you in any way. This should also be applied to the email linked to the domain and change the password from time to time.
3. Use 2-Factor Authentication
Using 2-step authentication ensures the security of your domain by building a background barricade such that it becomes quite irritating for would-be attackers to access your account. This step works by requesting for verification twice before giving way to visitors.
So when access is requested for, the site demands for say a password and possibly an SMS verification or email verification to prove the legitimacy of the visitor.
4. Employ the Services of Anti-Malware/ Virus Software
Keep intruders out by installing anti-virus/ spyware software on your computer. This, in the very least, prevents key-logging to your system for access to your active passwords and usernames. It is also important to keep them up to date for optimal protection.
5. Use a Registrar Lock Tool
It is just like locking your door. Without the keys handed out to another party, your door remains shut. Luckily, most domain registrars offer registry lock services to users. This adds another layer of protection to your domain by preventing unauthorized entry and protecting against DNS attacks.
One point to note is that changes cannot be made to your site’s DNS without proper identification and manual authorization. Locking up your registry gives that spot its layer of protection.
6. Try your Hands at Encryption
Though cyber attack tools keep getting sophisticated, one way to stay ahead is to try out encryption. The best way to apply this method at the domain name registration point. A powerful tool available for this service is the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP).
This protocol enables an Authorization Information Code (AIC) which protects your domain preventing unauthorized diversion or redirection from one site’s domain to another. It works such that the AIC is required before a domain can be transferred from one registrar to another.
7. Enable Domain Privacy
At the point of registration, website owners are required to feed in their relevant contact information to the registrar for identification. This information is added to WHOIS directory - a public database that provides users with certain information about the ownership of the domain name.
However, this is another way attackers employ to get relevant information on the website’s domain name for diversion of the site’s traffic onto another site. To avoid this, you could toggle on the privacy feature on your domain registrars through an add-on called Domain privacy.
This makes sure your contact information is not available publicly. The registrar will simply replace their information with yours when the need arises such that when your contact information is requested for, the add-on gives information about itself instead.
8. Use a Reliable Hosting Service
This is one of the most important steps towards ensuring the security of your site. It is important to double-check your hosting service and its layers of protection. Hosting providers like SiteGround do a lot in website security by enabling CDN and SSL certificates as well as other AI-bot prevention tools.
These features help with privacy protection services and anti-phishing policies. This is why to ensure the optimal protection for your domain, it is important to note the security practices in place to snuff out unwanted visitors.
9. Carefully Pick out Your Registrar
When choosing to purchase a domain, it is important to be sure of the reputation and legitimacy of the registrar. This helps in limiting the security issues to be combated. Hence, it is important to look beyond the pricing system and look for a registrar with extra layers of security policies.
A legitimate registrar should at least have policies such as the 2-Factor Authorization process, good customer services and support and proper monitoring of changes made to the accounts.
10. Keep a Closer Watch on your Emails
Impersonating registrars is one part of the looming cyber threats that keeps getting more sophisticated. Nowadays, it is easy to get diverted to another site through email links. These malicious links simply take the domain owner to a site that bears a remote semblance to the registrar’s page.
It works such that once the relevant information is entered. It is captured for further malicious intents. This is why it is important to keep a close watch on emails from the registrar, avoid logging into the domain account via your email and manually access the registrar’s website by using your browser.
Cyber threats are at their peak and this for website owners mean that the integrity of their businesses could be at stake. This is why it’s important to employ the best practices to keep one’s website sublime.
Most importantly, domain renewals, registration records and applications are to be kept up to date. That way your website’s domain name remains yours and your business’s reputation stays secure.