Electrode positions

A project log for Brainmotic

EEG to control a Smart house. Oriented to persons with disabilities.

Daniel Felipe Valencia VDaniel Felipe Valencia V 10/03/2016 at 06:560 Comments

We need to know why the positions of the electrodes and nomenclature why we decided to look in scientific articles and have found the following information:

“Normally during an examination, a set of 19 EEG electrodes is used, according to the so-called 10-20 system, which is recommended by the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) (Fig. 5). In a brain-computer interface which does not have to comply with medical standards, a different number of electrodes can be used, sometimes up to 512, according to need.” [1]

“1. The alphabetical part should consist preferably of one but no more than two letters.

2. The letters should be derived from names of underlying lobes of the brain or other anatomic landmarks.

3. The complete alphanumeric term should serve as a system of coordinates locating the designated electrode..”[1]

Author: [1]

[1] トマトン124, “Electrode locations of International 10-20 system for EEG (electroencephalography) recording, ”, 2010

[2] S. Sanei and J. Chambers, EEG signal processing. John Wiley & Sons, 2007

[3] American Clinical Neurophysiology Society “Guideline 5: Guidelines for Standard Electrode Position Nomenclature, ” American Clinical Neurophysiology Society, 2006

and then we begin to understand the database BCI competition IV, dataset1. Then, we plot in Matlab the first data.

Superior view of channels:

3D view of channels:

Matlab code:

newData1 = load('-mat', fileToRead1);
vars = fieldnames(newData1);
for i = 1:length(vars)
    assignin('base', vars{i}, newData1.(vars{i}));
cnt = cnt';