I must confess I haven't spent much time looking at NTC curves before. My prior knowledge was that they are somewhat ill-defined and can only deliver reliable measurements when calibrated individually.
The temperature characteristics of NTCs can be fitted using the Steinhart-Hart (S-H) equation to a practical degree of precision:
As it turns out, I seem to have bought 10k NTCs of the K164 type and I don't know their R/T number. Apparently they're made by EPCOS / TDK and offered in a whole array of curve shapes / coefficients.
At first glance, 1014, 2903 and 2904 characteristics seem to match the quick&dirty calibration values:
- 33.6 k (sensor in plastic foil, dipped into ice slush, ~1..2°C)
- 10.0 k (nominal at 25°C)
- 0.62 k (sensor in plastic foil, dipped into boiling water ~98°C)
Mouser only seems to stock B57164K0103K052 which is listed as having the 2904 characteristics (from EPCOS/TDK datasheet above), and the datasheet only states 2904 for the 10k type.
The Steinhart-Hart-coefficients can be fitted after some OCR gore as follows:
Final set of parameters Asymptotic Standard Error ======================= ========================== a0 = 0.00130396 +/- 2.557e-006 (0.1961%) a1 = 0.000214209 +/- 4.56e-007 (0.2129%) a3 = 9.80175e-008 +/- 1.801e-009 (1.837%) correlation matrix of the fit parameters: a0 a1 a3 a0 1.000 a1 -0.991 1.000 a3 0.935 -0.968 1.000
note that the S-H equation needs absolute resistance in Ohm.
There was also an error in prior graph formulas... but now the temperature calculation looks much better:
I could in principle take one of the NTCs to work and properly characterize it over its temperature range against a known PT100 element but for the sake of brevity I'm inclined to trust the datasheet values to within 2 Kelvin.