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USB MicroSD card reader

Reads the data from MicroSD card interfaced to LPC2148 and sends via USB.

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Reads the data from MicroSD card interfaced to LPC2148 and sends via USB.

SCHEMATIC CONNECTIONS AND HARDWARE

The UM10139 microcontroller board for the LPC2148 microcontroller, connects to a microSD card breakout module. The SD card data is transferred to the microcontroller via SPI. The board itself connects to the user PC as a USB mass storage device, so that the microSD card data can be accessed over USB mass storage class.

The following figure shows the important components of the breakout module schematic. The breakout board was made available for use as part of the project.

Important Components of SD card breakout module schematic, showing pin header for SPI connections

The connections of this module to SPI0 of the LPC2148 is shown in the figure below. 

SOFTWARE

On the basis of code, the project can be divided into three parts:

  1. Reading data from microSD card via SPI0 of LPC2148,
  2.  Moving the stored data from RAM into Flash memory
  3. Configuring the on-chip Flash as a USB Mass Storage device, with the help of USB Bootloader for LPC2148.

The project logs ( 1,2 and 3) provide further details.  

3. Accessing SD card using SPI on LPC2148.pdf

Based on Application Note AN10406

Adobe Portable Document Format - 78.14 kB - 11/27/2018 at 18:04

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Adobe Portable Document Format - 845.88 kB - 11/27/2018 at 18:03

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1. USB Mem (Log 1).pdf

First attempt on implementing USB Mass Storage using Keil demo for MCB2140 board.

Adobe Portable Document Format - 277.44 kB - 11/27/2018 at 18:03

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Memory.hex

Flash file for uploading to MCU

hex - 18.98 kB - 11/26/2018 at 13:07

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mmcmain.c

Program for calling SD card access functions

C Source File - 1.78 kB - 11/26/2018 at 13:06

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  • 1 × UM10139 LPC2148 Microcontroller Board NXP Semiconductor (Philips)
  • 1 × SD Card Breakout Module Module with SPI header and SD card mount

  • 3. Accessing SD card using SPI on LPC2148

    Rutwik Narendra Jain11/26/2018 at 13:05 0 comments

    SD card data access can be done in SD mode as well as SPI mode. The latter is more frequently used for embedded systems. SD involves block read/write operations, a single byte can never be read or written. Typical block size is 512 bytes. 

    The SPI mode is compliant with the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) specification. Its bus
    architecture includes the following signals:
    1. CS: Host to card Chip Select signal
    2. CLK: Host to card clock signal
    3. MOSI: (Master Out Slave In) Host to card single bit data signal
    4. MISO: (Master In Slave Out) Card to host single bit data signal 

    In order to configure SPI interface on the LPC2148 SSP port, the design consideration
    includes,


    • GPIO setting. The SPI pins, CLK, CS, MOSI, MISO need to be configured through
    pin select and GPIO registers, PINSEL1, IODIR0, and IOSET0, before configuring
    the SPI interface.
    • SPI clock pre-scale and clock rate. Based on the APB clock (PCLK) setting in APB
    Divider Control register (APBDIV), the clock pre-scale can be set through SSP Clock
    pre-scale Register (SSPCPSR), and the clock rate can be controlled in the SSP
    Control 0 Register (SSPCR0). The SPI clock rate in the sample test program is set to
    4 MHz.
    • SPI frame format and data size. The SPI format and data size can be configured
    through setting the proper clock polarity bit (CPOL) and clock phase bit (CPHA) and
    data size field (DSS) in the SSP control registers (SSPCR0). The data size is set to
    8 bits/frame, and both CPOL and CPHA bits are set to zero.
    • SPI enable/disable. The SSP port should be disabled before the GPIO pin setting,
    clock pre-scale setting, frame format configuration, and enabled after all the
    configuration is done to ensure a clear start. 

    The SPI related APIs in the attached sample program include:
    • void SPI_Init ( void );
    Initializing SPI interface through configuring GPIO, VPBDIV, SSP port registers.
    • void SPI_Send ( unsigned char * data_pointer, unsigned int data_length );
    Sending a block of data based on the data pointer and the length of the data block.
    • void SPI_Receive ( unsigned char *data_pointer, unsigned int data_length ); 

    Receiving a block of data based on the data pointer and the length of the data block.

    • unsigned char SPI_ReceiveByte( void );
    Receiving one byte of data, the return value of the API is the received data. This API
    is primarily used to obtain the command response at different phases. 

    Basic SD/MMC commands

    A command frame is first sent to which the SD card responds on the basis of the command number. 

    The standard commands are listed below:

    CMD0 GO_IDLE_STATE, reset the card to idle state

    CMD1 SEND_OP_COND, ask the card in idle state to send their operation
    conditions contents in the response on the MISO line. Any negative response
    indicates the media card cannot be initialized correctly.
    CMD16 SET_BLOCKLEN, set the block length (in bytes) for all the following block
    commands, both read and write. In the sample program, the data length is set to
    512 bytes.

    CMD17 READ_SINGLE_BLOCK, read a block of data that its size is determined by
    the SET_BLOCKLEN command.
    CMD24 WRITE_BLOCK, write a block of data that its size is determined by the
    SET_BLOCKLEN command. 

  • 2. LPC2148 USB Bootloader

    Rutwik Narendra Jain11/26/2018 at 10:03 0 comments

    The two main references that helped tremendously in implementing USB bootloader were

    [1] SparkFun LPC2148 Bootloader Tutorial https://www.sparkfun.com/tutorials/94

    [2] AN10711 USB secondary ISP bootloader: Application Note, Rev. 02, 15 July 2008.

    While both references assume different FAT size, different programs and code, a combination of files drawn from both sources proved to be fruitful for this project. 

    The LPC2148 USB bootloader performs three steps:

    1. The bootloader checks to see if a USB cable has been plugged in. If the LPC2148 detects the
    presence of a USB cable then it initiates a USB Mass Storage system. This will cause the
    target board to appear on any computer platform as a removable flash drive. The user can
    then seamlessly transfer files to the flash drive. In the background, the LPC2148 moves the
    user’s files onto the SD card using the FAT16 file system.

    2. The next thing the bootloader does is look for a firmware file (a file named FW.SFE). This
    file contains the desired operating firmware (in a binary file format) for the LPC2148 microprocessor. If the bootloader finds this file on the FAT16 system then it programs the
    contents of this file to the flash memory of the LPC2148. In this way, the bootloader acts as
    a "programmer" for the LPC2148; and we can upgrade the firmware on the LPC2148 simply
    by loading a new file onto the micro SD card.

    3. After performing the first two checks, the bootloader calls the main firmware. The main code
    should not even know that the bootloader was used and will run normally.

    The USB device class used is MSCD (Mass Storage Class Device). The MSCD presents easy
    integration with PC’s operating systems. This class allows the embedded system’s flash memory
    space be represented as a folder in Windows/Linux, and the user can update the flash with the
    binary image using drag and drop (eg, using Windows Explorer).

    To make the LPC214x appear like a folder (or disk drive), we need a FAT (File Allocation table).
    The LPC2000 on chip Code Flash will appear as one single entity (file name: firmware.bin).
    In order to run this program, the WinARM programming environment is used. The version used
    is WinARM 20060606. It’s an open source IDE, similar to Keil. Given that it was a text editor,
    programmer and compiler before more advanced IDEs like Keil came along, WinARM was later
    found to be incompatible with Windows 10 OS. All MakeFiles to generate main.hex were executed
    on a laptop running Windows7.

    LPC2148 USB Bootloader Source Code (from [1]) contains a whole bunch of source code, including
    two subdirectories: LCPUSB and System, along with the startup assembly code (crt.S) and the
    linker file (lpc2138.cmd).

    A combination of programs/libraries from the USBMem demo of AN10711 and the SparkFun tutorial (drawn from Bertik Sikken), successfully works. Figures below show the LPC
    recognized as a Mass Storage device in an Explorer window

    firmware.bin in LPC2148 Flash recognized as mass storage device
    CRP DISABLD USB Mass Storage

  • 1. USBMem

    Rutwik Narendra Jain11/26/2018 at 07:17 0 comments

    The first attempt made was to reproduce a demo USB-based mass storage program for the Keil
    MCB2140 Board using the Philips LPC2148 Microcontroller. Given that UM10139 was being used
    and not the MCB2140 board, only the startup file needed to be changed and the main program
    written for the MCB board would still be compatible with that for UM10139.

    OBJECTIVE

    The USB Memory should be automatically recognized by the host PC running Windows which will load a generic Mass Storage driver, such that the microcontroller board acts as a USB Mass Storage Device (MSD) and the PC acts as the USB Host. The on-chip RAM is to function as MSD.

    DETAILS

    memory.c is the main file which starts the Mass Storage Device. It uses the following files:
    Startup.s: CPU startup file for the NXP LPC2148 device.
    usbhw.c: USB hardware layer for NXP LPC2148.
    usbcore.c: USB core module that implements the basic USB communication layer.
    usbdesc.c: USB device description.
    usbuser.c: HID custom module.
    mscuser.c: Mass Storage Class implementation module.
    The figure below shows memory.c in the Keil window. 

    CONCLUSION

    Due to issues of compatibility with the UM10139 board, the code did not successfully compile.
    Attention was then shifted to the LPC2148 USB Bootloader

View all 3 project logs

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Discussions

f2016136 wrote 09/19/2018 at 04:39 point

Sorry for the late reply. Currently we have not thought about additional features, we are focusing on achieving the functionality. But we are open to suggestions if you have some...

  Are you sure? yes | no

Arsenijs wrote 09/14/2018 at 16:02 point

Is your reader going to have some cool features that off-the-shelf readers don't have?

  Are you sure? yes | no

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