A 5.5V power supply was connected to the Vin / USB bus pins on the two devices with a high accuracy 20 Ohm resistor in series for current measurement. An oscilloscope was connected either side of the resistor and it's measurements are displayed in red below:
On the left is the Arduino and n the right the feather and the 'pulse' represent the Adafruit 'Sleepy Dog' deep sleep function kicking in. We're interested in the minimum values and the Arduino gave 11.5 mA in deep sleep and the Feather 2 mA. Also, in 'steady state' operation the Arduino consumed a lot more power, 20 mA compared to 11.5 mA for the feather. The MCUs and radios are the same so there's obviously other devices burning up a lot of power in the Arduino such as the 5V to 3.3V regulator.
I then tried to perform a LoRa transmit on the MKR1300 and the oscilloscope showed one hell of a mess, with a large zone shown by the large area where nothing much seems to happen, in spite of the code! The best that Sleepy Dog could achieve was about 18 mA.
Compare this with the feather: