Fresh merge from VESC repository:
Last week we provided the code to handle 2 dangerous failure modes:
- Sensor/wiring damage
- Fault to ground
If a current sensor is damaged, the FOC will run out of control, with dangerous consequences. Axiom boards are the only VESC's that come with a simple pullup in the sensors input to make sure that a loose wire will set the analog signal to a known value that is detectable by the firmware.
So if the sensor offset is higher than a certain threshold, we trip the fault, it gets logged and visible from the GUI, and the controller won't be allowed to move the motor until the problem has been fixed. It will even let you know which sensor has an offset problem.
The second method used to detect a problem is checking that the sum of all phase currents is zero:
As you can see, the current can only flow through L1, L2 and L3, it has no other way to go, so the sum of the 3 currents should be zero.
In practice, under hard acceleration you can get to see some current flowing to the chassis, that's why we allow for a bit of current unbalance, and coded a low pass filter to avoid false trips due to noise.
Our boards are configured to trip at 130Amps of unbalance, and take around 0.3 seconds to trip, which is configurable in /hwconf/hw_axiom.h
Here's a quick video showing a fault:
VESC Tool GUI showing the FAULT:
Our commits came with this protection disabled to the rest of VESC hw versions, but it was soon added to all the hardware variants!