The BPI-Nano is a Arduino Nano board, it is a small, complete, and breadboard-friendly board based on the ATmega328 (same Arduino Nano 3.0), It has more or less the same functionality of the Arduino Duemilanove. It lacks only a DC power jack, and works with a Mini-B USB cable instead of a standard one. The Nano was designed and is being produced by Gravitech.made by sinovoip
*ATmega328P @16 MHz.
*32 KB Flash.
*2 KB SRAM.
*1 KB EEPROM
There is a self-restoring fuse on the bpi-uno that automatically disconnects the power supply when short-circuiting or overcurrent exceeds 500mA, thus protecting the USB port and bpi-uno of the computer. While most computer USB ports provide internal protection, this fuse provides additional protection.
BPI-NANO can power with MicroUSB port，PH2.0 port and VIN port.
Power dependent pins are as follows：
*PH2.0 port： can input 7-12V，It can be controlled by a power switch。
*5V：5V power PIN。when use USB power，direct output USB supplied 5V voltage；When using external power supply, output 5V voltage after voltage stabilization压。
*3V3：3.3V power output PIN。output Max is 50 mA。
*VIN：Connect to external dc 5V power supply
*REF：I/O reference voltage. Other devices can identify the development board I/O reference voltage through this pin。
Note：FT232RL will only work if it is powered through the USB port。
==Input and Output==
Each of the 14 digital pins on the Nano can be used as an input or output, using pinMode(), digitalWrite(), and digitalRead() functions. They operate at 5 volts. Each pin can provide or receive a maximum of 40 mA and has an internal pull-up resistor (disconnected by default) of 20-50 kOhms. In addition, some pins have specialized functions: Serial: 0 (RX) and 1 (TX). Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data. These pins are connected to the corresponding pins of the FTDI USB-to-TTL Serial chip. External Interrupts: 2 and 3. These pins can be configured to trigger an interrupt on a low value, a rising or falling edge, or a change in value. See the attachInterrupt() function for details.
Some of them have special functions and these pins are as follows：
*Serial：0（RX）、1（TX），Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data. These pins are connected to the corresponding pins of the FTDI USB-to-TTL Serial chip。
*xternal Interrupts: 2 and 3. These pins can be configured to trigger an interrupt on a low value, a rising or falling edge, or a change in value
*PWM output：BPI-NANO have 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, and 11. Provide 8-bit PWM output with the analogWrite() function.
*SPI：10（SS）、11（MOSI）、12（MISO）、13（SCK），These pins support SPI communication, which, although provided by the underlying hardware, is not currently included in the Arduino language。
*L13：There is a built-in LED connected to digital pin 13. When the pin is HIGH value, the LED is on, when the pin is LOW, it's off.。
*I2C: 4 (SDA) and 5 (SCL). Support I2C (TWI) communication using the Wire library (documentation on the Wiring website).
BPI-NANO have 6 analog inputs, each of which provide 10 bits of resolution (i.e. 1024 different values). By default they measure from ground to 5 volts, though is it possible to change the upper end of their range using the analogReference() function. Additionally, some pins have specialized functionality:
There are a couple of other pins on the board：
*REF：Reference voltage for the analog inputs. Used with analogReference().
*Rst：Bring this line LOW to reset the microcontroller. Typically used to add a reset button to shields which block the one on the board.
BPI-NANO have 4 LED，The effects are as follows：
*ON：Power indicator.When the bpi-nano is powered ON, the ON light comes ON