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Planty Happy Grow Light

75 Watt LED grow light

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I made this grow light over the last few months, because i just love having plants around me. In winter, my two windows just don't give enough light, so i built this one =) There are so many cheap (and bad!) products on amazon and ebay, which i didn't want to order, and i need nothing professional either. So i figured that i would just build it myself.
The perfect lockdown project, btw!

-Can be fed from 15V-28VDC
-Made with Lumileds SunPlus20 Series of horticulture LEDs
-Adjustable R,G,B LED string currents -> adjustable output color
-75W at full power

-Three temperature controlled Fans
-Fan's rotational speeds are synchronized, to allow for even more silent operation.
-XMC1100 microcontroller

-Shuts itself down if a fan is stuck, or if the temperature rises too high.

It is a work in progress and may contain mistakes, so i wont't release everything publicly. But contact me if you would like to have some advice/some schematics/some code =)

The DC-DC converters inside the light have spread spectrum modulation. This way, i expect to have less electomagnetical interference problems.

The computer fans are synchronized to within 1-2° of deviation. In the first few months, i didn't have this feature, and it was quite annoying to have the fans run at slightly different speeds. But now, it runs really silent and without any disturbing interferences between the fans

timelapse5_h264-420_1080p_29.97_HQ.mp4

Timelapse of my plants growing

MPEG-4 Video - 5.51 MB - 10/25/2020 at 11:17

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lamp_spectrum.zip

Python tool for visualizing the spectrum of the lamp

x-zip-compressed - 1.46 MB - 10/25/2020 at 10:14

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  • 1 × XMC2Go Infineon dev board for XMC1100
  • 48 × Lumileds SunPlus20 LEDs
  • 3 × 50mm Fans
  • 1 × PCB Electronic Components / Misc. Electronic Components
  • 1 × Perforated Board

View all 6 components

  • Spectrum visualization tool

    t.oster9210/25/2020 at 10:48 0 comments

    I wrote this python script while designing the lamp. It will calculate the output spectrum and efficiacy of the lamp, and some other things, depending on LED currents. For me, it was most important to get an idea of how well my plants will be able to utilize the light, so i chose to take the 'Yield Photon Flux' (YPF) as a primary measure of how efficient my lamp will be. For most other lamps, in contrast, only the 'Photosynthetic Photon Flux' (PPF) is given, but this won't take into account that a plant will use green light less efficiently than red and blue. 
    For the calculation of YPF i used the well-known McCree curve. McCree averaged the response of single leaves of different species, so this curve most likely doesn't tell the whole picture, but it is a good starting point. 

    I tried to make my lamp model as accurate as possible, so LED temperatures, forward voltages and current dependant droop are taken into account. 


    The tool

    You need to have Python 3 installed, and several other common libraries like matplotlib etc., and download light_spectrum.zip in my file section. After unpacking and starting light_spectrum.py, the blue sliders can be shifted with the mouse to change the LED string currents. The spectrum will change accordingly, and efficiacy, power and YPF are calculated from the currents. 


    I created models for Lumileds SunPlus20 series, but other LED models could be imported as well. For this, you need to change the csv files in the "CurrentVVoltage", "FluxVCurrent", "FluxVTemp" and "Spectra" folders to match your LED behaviour. You will also need to change the x0r,x0b,x0w factors in the "leds.py" script. They can be calculated with the 3 scripts lumen2powah, powah2lumen and PPF2powah.

    This way, you can compare how well different LEDs would do in this application. It won't matter if PPF or lumens are given - these tools will make all LEDs comparable. I used the tool for this purpose.

  • Schematics

    t.oster9210/06/2020 at 10:16 0 comments

    LED Channels

    The lamp uses three LED channels, whose currents can be controlled individually. Each LED channel has a LTC1871 switching controller, a power MOSFET, a shottky diode and a coil, which form a boost converter. The LEDs are wired in series, and two parallel 2Ohm resistors are used to measure LED current.

    NOTE: This schematic contains an error. Place a 1Mohm resistor (or even a high- impedance voltage divider) in front of the "RUN" pin, otherwise, the LTC1871 won't work. I overlooked this during the design, but it was an easy fix. 

    Schematic for one LED channel
    Schematic for one LED channel

    Overall Schematics

    All boost converters derive their clocks from a LTC6902 spread-spectrum clock generator. I use this chip in 4-phase configuration, of which 3 are utilized by the switching regulators. The free-running clocks of the switching regulator ICs must be matched closely to the LTC6902 clock, otherwise the synchronization may not work. 

    An operational amplifier is used to scale and shift the voltage accross the 1Ohm LED shunts, to match the FB pin voltages of the LTC1871 ICs. 

    NOTE: R22 should be 10R, not 10k. 

    Overall Schematic
    Overall Schematic

    I use an external controller to monitor the lamp. It is switched off in case of an overtemperature or fan failure. Those schematics may follow later. 

  • Still working

    t.oster9210/06/2020 at 09:54 0 comments

    The lamp is running for several months now, and so far, i did not notice any problems. Most plants are growing well, especially basil and lemon grass. I did not have too much luck with hot peppers though, but i don't know whether this is due to the lamp or just the room climate. 

    Enjoy my plant pictures! First schematics will follow in the next log. 

    Peace Lily
    Peace Lily - Flowering!
    Purple Basil
    Purple Basil
    Basil Flower
    Basil Flower

  • New Fans, and a cool optical effect

    t.oster9205/13/2020 at 20:24 0 comments

    The old fans were a noisy mess right from the start, so i exchanged them for some new ones. They run much quieter, and also they are white, which makes it possible to get a really cool effect by illuminating them with a LED. Have a look! The video is not slowed down; this really is what you can see when you view it with your own eyes. 

    Can you guess how i did this? ;)

  • Protective Glass and Near UV LEDs

    t.oster9204/28/2020 at 18:41 0 comments

    Recently, i added some protective acrylic glass in front of the LEDs. Before, i was afraid that some plants could grow into my lamp, if i don't pay enough attention - well, that's unlikely, but you never know. The glass doesn't seem to impact efficiency too much. 

    Acrylic glass does reflect about 8% of incident light (at 90° to surface), and almost 92% are transmitted. Of those 8% that are reflected, most will be reflected again by the white PCB, making a second attempt to pass the glass plane. This again will be 92% successful. In the end, the efficiency will most likely be reduced by 1-2%.
    On the plus side, the light distribution will be a bit more uniform, so shadows are not that harsh. 

    Also, i finally put some near UV LEDs onto the board. I don't think they will help too much in irradiating the plants, since the are really low-powered, but they're nice to have. 

    To have any effect on my plants, however, the UV LEDs probably should have some shorter wavelengths as well as more power. It has been shown that UVB radiation can alter the content of carotenoids in some plants: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1319562X10001063
    And those seem to work well as antioxidants in the human body: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/9035299_Antioxidant_activity_of_carotenoids

    So, UV light might be good to have, but i doubt that my weak UVA lights will have any chance of doing anything useful. But at least i can try to observe some differences.

  • New Lampshade

    t.oster9204/22/2020 at 19:20 0 comments

    The old lampshade was made from cardboard and aluminium foil. Just a quick and simple solution, but it didn't look too nice. So today, i finally cut out some aluminium sheets and drilled holes in them to make a new one - and it turned out quite nicely. 

    I might add some corner pieces in the future, but for now, it is good enough. At the corners, there won't escape too much light anyway, since it is blocked by the lamp frame. 
    Also, i might add one more bend to each of the shade pieces. This way, i could approxmiate a parabolic reflector a little better.
    Also, the shade needs a painting on the outside. Maybe black with a waterdrop effect. 


    First, however, i will work on the cooling system some more. I've got a really cool idea for a visual effect, which has something to do with the fans already being synchronized. But i won't tell too much, you have to be patient :P


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