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Speakers that look like snails

Transmission line speakers - attempting form and function.

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Years ago (lots and lots of them), read a book from Maplin about loudspeakers. Inside, there was a great write-up on some transmission line units. That kindled an interest. Much later B&W Nautilus speakers were spotted. They're awesome but unobtainable. Hopefully imitation is flattery and whatnot.

Making use of some perfectly functional KEF satellite speakers as sources of drivers. Quite a fan of the Uni-Q range. Great full range point sources that respond really well to a little DSP equalisation and alignment.

Let the faff commence...

Is this a hack?

  • Not really.

Then why is it here?

  • It's a project.

Can anyone learn anything from this?

  • Well, hmmm, no idea.

What was the point?

  • Tick off making a transmission line speaker from the "to do one day list", and make use of some old drivers that were kicking around.

Are they the best speakers ever?

  • Nooo, don't be silly - of course not.  But they do look a bit like snails.

And the outcome?

  • Worked great, but stolen by the fiancee for her office.  So now another PC audio solution needs finding...

Matching Cone.stl

Matches the surface area of the port smoothly as it goes around the speaker's magnet.

Standard Tesselated Geometry - 1.01 MB - 06/20/2020 at 17:32

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Stand.stl

Something to stand on

Standard Tesselated Geometry - 1.85 MB - 06/20/2020 at 17:31

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Right Snail.stl

The right-hand important bit

Standard Tesselated Geometry - 2.05 MB - 06/20/2020 at 17:30

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Left Snail.stl

The left-hand important bit

Standard Tesselated Geometry - 2.06 MB - 06/20/2020 at 17:30

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Bezel.stl

Rounds off the front and attempts to control diffraction

Standard Tesselated Geometry - 623.81 kB - 06/20/2020 at 17:30

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View all 8 files

  • The fix

    Lightning Phil5 days ago 0 comments

    Our pet demon poked both tweeters and so gained her first lesson in resonance modes of acoustic emitters.  There were very subtle differences in response curve of the tweeters dented and in “fixed” condition.

    Usual method of fixing them was implemented.  To pull the tweeter dome back out, made a gasket from blue tack and pulled a vacuum in front of it.  Obviously this means sucking on a tube...

    The demon might not jab tweeter cones again for fear of another impromptu science lecture.

    In other news, mini-DSP implemented for flatter response and smoother bass roll off.

  • The end

    Lightning Phil06/20/2020 at 17:46 0 comments

    Stands printed, crossovers installed and some foam stuck to the base.  Photo taken - and done.

    Then lots of tweaking and more faffing about with dampening.  After a few days I'd started to notice the port output had too high a Q.  Very slightly like someone attempting to over emphasise the bass frequencies of their voice.  Cured with a little low density foam in the end of the line.

    Oh do they sound good, with a flat (compared to any other speakers I've owned), from a little over 100 Hz, well passed the 12 kHz I can her up to and all the way to a (pointless) 20 kHz.  Most impressive is the clarity of voice.  The crossover is around 4 kHz, so well above the maximum for talking/singing - so there's no phase issues or energy storage going on there to smear the output.  Obviously these are not any use for bass heavy music.  That's not their point.  They've very easy to listen to and great for their purpose - PC speakers.

  • Day - who knows...

    Lightning Phil06/19/2020 at 14:31 0 comments

    With the important bits printed and the dampening tuned.  The still, cold 3D printer needed something to do.

    The stands have been drawn and the first one is being oozed into place by a little robot in the garage:

    Something seems to have been lost in the render settings in Fusion 360.  The materials were supposed to be the same.  Hmmm.

    Anyhow, the base is hollow for fitting in the crossover.  Designed to be printed without support so has a pent roof cavity.

    Hopefully a couple of days away from having them all together.

  • Day X + 1

    Lightning Phil06/15/2020 at 20:33 0 comments

    Success!

    Both speakers printed.  They sounded pretty good without any equalisation, though around 10 kHz there's a little more harshness than desired.  But that's nothing to do with the transmission lines.  It's the drivers themselves.  Below is a set of plots of the response curves:

    The blue plot has much better flatness than the original speakers.  A little ironing with Eaualizer APO and they're great.  I did attempt to meddle with the crossover, but that can of worms requires swapping in and out lots of capacitors and inductors.  Using a DSP is much easier.  Besides, the crossover had correct phasing, any meddling could have crippled that.

    Now to draw up and print some stands and I'm done.

  • Day X

    Lightning Phil06/14/2020 at 19:57 0 comments

    Important bits printed (mounts not even designed).  Having fun ramming fluff into the transmission lines to dampen them.  Certainly more art than science.  Fortunately, REW, a calibrated microphone and lots of faff are bringing back the science part (iterate and save all the frequency responses).  Will report more fully soon.

    in the mean time:

  • Day N

    Lightning Phil06/09/2020 at 18:29 0 comments

    Old printer set up and printing the last half shell.  First attempt was on a work one - a Kodak printer - suggest not buying into Kodak.

  • Day ?

    Lightning Phil06/08/2020 at 15:21 0 comments

    Minor derailment of the project - printer is broken.

  • Day 11

    Lightning Phil06/04/2020 at 10:01 0 comments

    All the bits should have finished by now.  But the printer glitched on the last half shell.  Boo.

    Tonight I'll get it going again.  In the mean time, the printer is busy printing a bass reflex enclosure for comparison.  There will be several ways of testing the little drivers:

    • Original closed back units
    • New bass reflex units with various length ports and variations of stuffing
    • Free air
    • The transmission line without stuffing and through various attempt of getting it to behave by ramming fluff into it

    The above measurements will be made using a calibrated microphone and REW.  It's a great combination.

  • Day 10

    Lightning Phil06/04/2020 at 09:54 0 comments

    Pressed print.

  • Day 9

    Lightning Phil06/02/2020 at 15:48 0 comments

    Pressed print.

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Lightning Phil wrote 05/27/2020 at 17:40 point

Thanks Dan.  The drivers sound pretty good (especially with minor EQing).  So there's hope.  Does that count as cheating?  There will be before and after curves for everything.

  Are you sure? yes | no

Dan Maloney wrote 05/27/2020 at 17:25 point

It's got a little Dr. Suess vibe to it, doesn't it? Hope it sounds as good as it looks.

  Are you sure? yes | no

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