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Aquarium Monitoring System - 3G/4G/IoT/AWS

If our pollution adversely affects the environment, then, it's our responsibility to protect the environment, humans, plants, and animals

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An aquarium is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed. Fishkeepers use aquaria to keep fish, invertebrates, amphibians, aquatic reptiles such as turtles, and aquatic plants.

Life in water requires certain conditions of humidity, temperature, pressure, etc., in order to survive properly. Humans, when we alter living conditions, then we annihilate life and we are not responsible of our actions. In this project I demonstrate that it's possible to use our technologies to monitor and protect life in water, aquariums, rivers, lagoons and seas. I've used the following technologies: Amazon Web Services, Soracom Air Global IoT SIM, and Seeed Wio LTE US version - 4G. Below I give you details of my work.

1.-----> INTRODUCTION

 The term "aquarium", coined by English naturalist Philip Henry Gosse, combines the Latin root aqua, meaning water, with the suffix -arium, meaning "a place for relating to". The aquarium was launched in early Victorian England by Gosse, who created and stocked the first public aquarium at the London Zoo in 1853, and published the first manual, The Aquarium: An Unveiling of the Wonders of the Deep Sea in 1854. An aquarium is a water-filled tank in which fish swim about. Small aquariums are kept in the home by hobbyists. There are larger public aquariums in many cities. This kind of aquarium is a building with fish and other aquatic animals in large tanks. A large aquarium may have otters, turtles, dolphins, and other sea animals. This project I will carry out in a turtle aquarium of 75x45x35 cm.

Goals:

  1. The DHT11 sensor, will measures the temperature and humidity of the environment of our aquarium.
  2. The SRF04 sensor, will measures the distance from our sensor to the water in our aquarium, and so we can have an idea of the level water.
  3. The ADXL345 sensor, will detects the vibrations of our air pump, or when our turtles are in motion.
  4. We are going to use Beam method, and the data will transmitt from the Wio LTE board to the end point of Beam on a 3G/4G/LTE closed network, communication encrypted and the data can be safely delivered to the Amazon Web Services.

2.-----> COST EFFECTIVENESS

With cellular connectivity, there is a cost associated with the data usage. This submission considered on cost effectiveness and also ability to scale production to 1000s of devices. We are going to associate with the exporter or wholesaler of the commercial aquarium service in our country. In this way we will ensure that our product reaches the consumer. Ornamental fish market linkage exists between buyers and sellers as well as domestic and international market. Wholesaler usually sells the fishes to local retailers and in turn, retailers directly sales to local customers, hobbyists etc. In this direction, in order to develop market for aquarium business service, there is need to studying consumer preference and existing marketing strategies, adopted by aquarists.

In 2006, according to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Export earnings from ornamental fish trade is US $ 251 million and more than 60% of the production comes from households of developing countries. The wholesale value of the global ornamental fish trade is estimated to be US $ 14 Billion. More than 2500 species of ornamental fishes are traded and some 30-35 species of fresh water dominate the market. The top exporting country is Singapore, followed by Hong Kong, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Indonesia and India. The largest importer of ornamental fish is USA. Europe and Japan, China and South Africa are the emerging markets of ornamental fish trade.

3.-----> SEEED's HARDWARE

What is Seeed? Seeed is the IoT hardware enabler, offering numerous hardware platforms and sensor modules, as well as customization and manufacturing services based on Shenzhen's extensive and flexible supply chain. Seeed is based in Shenzhen, China with branch offices in the US and Japan.

This project uses the Wio LTE running an Arduino sketch to send data to AWS IoT. There are prerequisites to complete before we can connect and program our cellular device and send data to AWS IoT.

We are going to use the Wio LTE Cat 1 board, and the configuration of our project is the following:

As we can see in the figure, we have to connect the humidity sensor DHT11 on the D20 pin, the ultrasound sensor on the D38 pin, and the ADXL345 accelerometer on the 12C pin. And don't forget, connect the battery, LTE antenna to Wio LTE and plug your SIM card to it.

How does it work?

  • The following sensors capture the data and are sent to the Wio LTE board: DHT11 humidity and temperature sensor, SRF04 ultrasonic sensor and ADXL345...
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schematic_diagram.jpg

Schematic diagram

JPEG Image - 69.07 kB - 07/03/2020 at 04:44

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mqtt_aquarium.ino

This sketch must be uploaded to the Wio LTE board. Reference: Step 4. Seeed’s Software

ino - 4.85 kB - 07/03/2020 at 04:43

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aquarium_graphic.py

This code must be run on Jupiter. I used Python version 2.7 Reference: Step 8. Amazon SageMaker

py - 1.17 kB - 07/03/2020 at 04:43

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outtopic.json

Data obtained when we did the test. Reference: Step 7. AWS IoT Analytics Reference: Step 9. Test and Analysis

JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) - 27.30 kB - 07/03/2020 at 04:43

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  • 1 × SORACOM Air Global IoT SIM
  • 1 × Seeed Wio LTE US Version - 4G
  • 1 × Seeed Grove - Ultrasonic Ranger
  • 1 × Seeed Grove - 3-Axis Digital Accelerometer ±16g Ultra-low Power (BMA400)
  • 1 × Seeed Grove - Temperature, Humidity, Pressure and Gas Sensor (BME680)

View all 8 components

  • 1
    Notes:

    Software apps and online services:

    • Amazon Web Services AWS IoT
    • Amazon Web Services AWS IAM
    • SORACOM Beam - Data Transfer Support
    • Arduino IDE
    • Jupyter Notebook
    • Python 2.7
    Hand tools and fabrication machines:
    • Aquarium
    • Aquarium Air Pump

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