I have a low cost 30V 10A 300W CV/CC power supply (~$50 on ebay) that I want to add a output on/off control function. With this supply you need to either turn the entire power supply off or disconnect the banana connection and vise versa for turning the output back on.
- No bounce when output turns on or off (so no mechanical contacts for output current, IE: relay/switches/etc
- Control the positive output (not the ground connection).
- KISS design (Keep It Super Simple and low cost)
- Be able to control 0.1V to 30V and up to 10A
Here is my final schematic:
More details of how I finally got to this schematic after trying several variations.
Wanting to use n-fet and control the positive supply output (because I have a few flavors and they are lower RDSon (resistance), I needed a way to drive the gate of the n-fet above the output voltage to turn it on. Same thing using a p-fet, you need lower than 0 volts to turn it on when output voltage is under ~2V. I finally decided to use a rechargeable Li-Ion 18650 2S (2 cells in series, 7 to 8.4v), a switch, then a RC connected to the gate and a pull down resistor for turn off.
I really did not want to add the maintenance of a rechargeable battery, but there is good news, read on. Also 2 or 3 coin cells (CR2032 for example) can be used.
I started with battery, SPST switch, gate resistor, cap from gate to source, and a pull down resistor gate to source. The circuit needed some tuning to get a nice turn on waveform across 0.1v to 30v and 0 to 10A load. Many factors played into tuning the turn on/off waveform, like output voltage, output current, gate voltage, fet gate capacitance and all the passive components.
Larger R1 and/or C (across gate to source), the slower the turn on (and same with lower battery voltage). The lower the pull down resistor, the quicker the turn off. I noticed if I used too low of R1 resistance (fast turn on), the output waveform overshoots (up to 400mV), I did not like that so I kept raising the gate resistor to eliminate this issue. This could be from the cables to the resistive load (50uH).
Once I got it working fairly well, I noticed the battery current was dominated by the pull down turn off resistor. In order to make the battery last longer before needing to recharge, I found I could easily go up to ten megaohm (at 200K it was around 20uA when on), this should last more than 5 years before needed to recharge.
I wanted to add a output discharge circuit, so I changed the switch from SPST to DPDT, this opened up some new ideas. I could do away with the pull down resistor all together, so the battery ON current would be next to nothing (besides when charging the gate capacitance, of around 8nF). This will make the battery last for 10+ years. These Li-Ion cells have very low self discharge. I used some old cells from a discarded notebook, the cells only tested to 1300mAH, but for this application it is plenty of capacity.
After getting my circuit tuned well, I am always looking for the ultimate low cost KISS solution, I removed the R1 and C (so just battery/switch/fet) and just use the fets gate capacitance for debounce. This created very fast turn on times (not needed) but also ringing of the output voltage at start up that I did not like.
Yellow or Blue=gate
Green=Iout (current probe)
This also caused turn on overshoot under certain Vout/Iout conditions. So I added the gate charge resistor (R1) back in, but during testing I randomly found an interesting turn on waveform when the switch was bouncing open. You can see the gate voltage stop rising multiple times (reminded me of peak voltage detect circuit of the 80's I built for charging NiCD's for RC on-road cars) before final setting voltage, this does stop the bounce issue of the supply output voltage turning on/off multiple times, but of course I did not like this funky turn on voltage waveform. In this picture you can see 4 switch bounces,...Read more »