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Anteneh’s Jerry Can

A new kind of Jerry can for water transport for rural areas that ease the pain for the person carrying the load with lower cost.

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Water scarcity, which is broadly understood as the lack of access to adequate quantities of water for human and environmental uses, is considered to be one of the most important global risks for society. Global water demands are expected to increase in the future because of increasing populations, urbanization, and industrialization. In addition, aspects of climate change and anticipated increases in extreme weather events are expected to contribute to increases in the frequency, severity, and duration of droughts, which can exacerbate water availability problems.

This project is about building a new kind of Jerry can for water transport for rural areas that ease the pain for the person carrying the load with lower cost. Instead of the standard shape of the 25 litter Jerry Can, Anteneh’s Jerry Can has a torus shape with the same volume as the standard jerry can.

https://hackaday.io/project/178283-antenehs-jerry-can (Original project link)


Problem 

Do you know that people in many part of the world travel many kilometers carrying water jerry can every day or few times a day to bring water for drinking, cooking, watering their plants and for many other reasons? If you are not aware, well you are about to. 

Water scarcity, which is broadly understood as the lack of access to adequate quantities of water for human and environmental uses, is considered to be one of the most important global risks for society. Global water demands are expected to increase in the future because of increasing populations, urbanization, and industrialization. In addition, aspects of climate change and anticipated increases in extreme weather events are expected to contribute to increases in the frequency, severity, and duration of droughts, which can exacerbate water availability problems. In an area where there is lack of water supply at home, people travel very far to fetch water. In almost all society this task falls under the women. It is very common to see women carrying 25 liter Jerry Can on their back or on their head and travel many kilometers from the source like river, lake or well to their homes. Describing how challenging it is can only be achieved if you try it yourself but to give you an idea on the challenge, 

The first problem is the concentrated weight of the 25 litter jerry can which will force you to use only one or two part of your body for support which requires enormous amount of force to overcome the high pressure. 

The second problem is the distance they have to travel in a very rough terrain full of mountains, muddy ground during rain, hole and sloppy ground, which is impossible even for a wheel aid transport. 

Solution

 The basic scientific concept for the development of this product is based on the fact that distributed force generates less pressure or impact than concentrated force. Instead of the standard shape of the 25 litter Jerry Can, Anteneh’s Jerry Can has torus shape with the same volume as the standard jerry can. For prototyping simplicity, the shape of torus is made square with center to center length of 66cm with pipe diameter of 11cm. At two opposite side of the pipes there are two attached lathers that are used to hold the Anetenh’s Jerry can on your shoulder. This will reduce the pressure of the water by distributing the weight of the water and utilize all part of our body for support. To maintain the load close to center of gravity which is the person carrying it, the diameter of the pipe can be varied and the length of the pipe will be varied depending up on the amount variation of the diameter based on the size model of the user. Which means for thin peoples the diameter is increased and length will be decreased and for plus size people the diameter is decreased and the length will be increased. Both lathers are attached to each other with a lather for hand grab incase two peoples want to transport one Anteneh’s Jerry Can. 

Market

 According to reports some 2.2 billion people around the world do not have safely managed  drinking water services, 1.1 billion people lack access to water and 2.7 billion experience water scarcity at least one month a year. By 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may be facing water shortages and countries with the highest percentage of the population lacking basic access to water are in great risk like Eritrea (80.7% lack basic water services), Papua New Guinea (63.4% lack basic water services), Uganda (61.1% lack basic water services), Ethiopia (60.9% lack basic water services), Somalia (60% lack basic water services), Angola (59% lack basic water services), Democratic Republic of the Congo (58.2% lack basic water services), Chad (57.5% lack basic water services), Niger (54.2% lack basic water services), Mozambique (52.7% lack basic water services) and so on....

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  • 1 × PVC pipe (110 millimeters in diameter and 2 meter in length)
  • 4 × PVC 90 degree elbow (110 millimeters in diameter)
  • 1 × PVC T connection (110 millimeters in diameter)
  • 1 × PVC tap (110 millimeters in diameter)
  • 1 × Glue

  • Project vision

    Anteneh Gashaw10/25/2021 at 07:07 0 comments

    On the process of market validation I come across someone who has been impact on lack of access to decent water supply and told me that my project is very important for survival because at least it will be easy to fetch water but she asked me to widen the scope of the project and add some sort of filtration system implemented on to the product so that the impact of Anteneh's Jerry Can is a complete packaged project on water transportation and quality assurance. I was delighted to accept the challenge and add it to the project vision.

  • Phase two

    Anteneh Gashaw10/25/2021 at 06:55 0 comments

    In the second phase of prototype building stage Anteneh's Jerry Can will be built in better quality and will be tested in different site conditions. There will be additional two leather straps to hold the Anteneh's Jerry Can with the back and stomach as a buckle or fastener so that it doesn't isolate on movement.

  • Health impact

    Anteneh Gashaw10/25/2021 at 06:40 0 comments

    In the development of this project I have asked many experts of different fields to consider every possible aspect of problem I can solve on making easy to carry the Jerry Can. When I asked a local doctor for his opinion concerning the health impact of carrying Anteneh's Jerry Can vs the standard Jerry Can, he said "it is preferred no one to carry water at all but if one must do it for survival I prefer the Anteneh's Jerry Can because I can not think of any damages caused by carrying your product except a little body exhaustion depending on the carrier strength. It great product; there is no problem on the biological aspect". 

  • Valve recommendation

    Anteneh Gashaw10/25/2021 at 06:33 0 comments

    In an effort to look for market validation I asked the possible product client for the Anteneh's Jerry Can and the response was more than expected. Almost most people I talked provided positive feedback with some recommendations. One of the best recommendation I received was inserting valve at lower side of the Anteneh's Jerry Can so that the people using the product don't have to turn it on the side to pour the collected water to other container or cup for use. If small gate valve is fixed at lower side of the Jerry Can, it will need to be placed in an elevated manner which saves energy and time.

  • Material science

    Anteneh Gashaw10/25/2021 at 06:03 0 comments

    In the first prototyping phase PVC is used to construct the Anteneh's Jerry Can because it is easily accessible and cost effective but PVC can become brittle and crack when placed in a few scenarios for prolonged periods of time like Ultraviolet Light Exposure, cold temperature, age and chemical exposure. This can be avoided by using same materials used in standard Jerry Cans to construct the Anteneh's Jerry Can using a mold. In this case there will not be any fittings and no glue will be used.

  • Storage advantage

    Anteneh Gashaw10/24/2021 at 18:50 0 comments

    One of the questions I have been asked about Anteneh's Jerry Can is concerning if there is storage issues of the product once the people have used it because most houses in rural areas don't have large area in their house to store bulky materials. The best thing about this product is that it can be hanged in wall saving space when there is no water in it. 

  • Water filling pace

    Anteneh Gashaw10/24/2021 at 18:05 0 comments

    For people who fill water into a Jerry Can using a small can, it is very time consuming because the water inlet hole has small diameter and you will take longer time when you are pouring the water from the small cup. Anteneh's Jerry Can will solve this problem because the new Jerry Can have large diameter and will take less time to fill depending on the filler speed. 

  • Project approvals

    Anteneh Gashaw10/08/2021 at 08:09 0 comments

    t's very encouraging to know that I have same achievement on HACKADAY with NASA / JPL scientist.... Thank you Jonathan Sauder(NASA/JPL)...

  • Project publication on the hackaday newsletter

    Anteneh Gashaw10/08/2021 at 08:07 0 comments

    What a great moments for ANTENEH'S JERRY CAN... another publication on the hackaday newsletter... If you subscription check out your promotion inbox. 

  • Media publication

    Anteneh Gashaw10/08/2021 at 08:06 0 comments

    What a great article by @kristina panos  on Anteneh's Jerry Can 

    Enjoy reading the blog.

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Tsion Alemayehu wrote 11/15/2021 at 07:05 point

This is really amazing!! I encourage you to move forward and apply it soon to address the needs of many .......

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