The power consumption by the human beings is at its peak and so are the CO2 emissions, more and more people are moving towards green power and trying to contribute as much as they can to reduce the CO2 emissions. Well, the CHT aims to do both.
To explain it all in short, water is poured in the electrolyzing unit, the switch is turned on, the water in the unit starts to break down into hydrogen and oxygen which then come together to form HHO, this HHO travels through a one-way check valve into the gas chamber, from the gas chamber the impeller sucks it and pushes it to the spark plug, here the gas ignites and expands rapidly to produce thrust in the direction it was pushed, this is where the rotors kick in, the rotors make use of this thrust to spin at a very high speed. These rotors are magnetic, so it attracts and repels the magnets in the enclosure simultaneously, thus producing electricity. That was as condensed as it could be. Now, let's dive deeper into the science behind it.
The Electrolyzing Unit:
The water in the electrolyzing unit doesn't necessarily need to be from a fresh source. It will work even if it was directly from the sea, the salt will act as an electrolyte, but if the water was fresh and right out of the tap, Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) is used as an electrolyte, while it is not a necessity, KOH can also be put in salty water. KOH is losing its ions to water, as its dissolved, but is left completely untouched in the whole reaction, these ions help to conduct more electricity, which means more HHO produced and lesser power used by the electrolyzing unit. When electricity is passed through this unit, around 4V, the water breaks down into Hydrogen and Oxygen, these evolve as a gas, HHO. This HHO then travels to the gas chamber.
The Gas Chamber:
Simply put, it is a chamber that stores gas. But, there is also a bit of science behind it. The chamber is cylindrical, and the path the HHO takes from the electrolyzing unit to the gas chamber has a one-way check valve, this valve helps to stop the gas from going back to the electrolyzing unit.
The gas chamber is not very intricate geometry-wise as a cylinder is more than enough for the storage of any fluid. Let's have a look at the next part of the process, the Impeller.
The more the gas is compressed, the better and this is exactly what the impeller is for. The impeller is built up around a low voltage, low current, high RPM brushed DC motor.
Besides compressing the gas, the impeller also gives a little push to the expanding gases in the direction which they need to go.
If it weren't there, the ignition of the gas would ignite the other HHO in the gas chamber, which is not really appropriate. Thus, in a way, the impeller is also acting as a one-way check valve.