Choosing the Network Type

A project log for Running Gigabit Internet between 100m to 5km

Documenting my project to get Gigabit internet speeds to my house which is greater than 100m away from the ISP

Peter McCloudPeter McCloud 11/29/2022 at 04:170 Comments

I needed to get our internet connection to our house over a distance of 700 ft (213 m). Running a coax cable from the street to our house wouldn't support getting a strong enough signal. Researching the internet, I didn't find anyone who'd run a coax drop longer than 250 ft.

One of the first alternatives I researched was Ethernet. Cat 6 can support 1 Gbps to 100 meters (328 ft), but you can break it up into multiple runs with switches in between to go farther. I'd need to do at least 3 runs given the distance. The biggest hurdle with this option is that there's no power available for those intermediate switches.

The best option given the distance if I wanted to maintain the Gbps speed was fiber optic cable. FS has a table of speed and distance capabilities for single and multi-mode fiber optic. Single mode fiber can support 1 Gpbs up to 5km, so this seemed like the best option.

I should add that there are wireless options for this distance. However, being the Pacific Northwest, there are a LOT of trees and no line of sight, so it was a non-starter.

At this point, the overall concept was to place the cable modem close to the port, use a media converter to go from ethernet to fiber optic and bring the fiber optic cable to the house. That does leave the problem of powering a cable modem 700 ft, which I'll cover in the next log entry.