Converting breadboards to PCBs

A project log for Atomic Force Microscope - from ground up

The aim of this project is to make high grade all diy AFM.

100dollarhacker100dollarhacker 02/23/2024 at 03:130 Comments

I've started to build a schematic of piezoelectric controller. I made schematic and layout. In my current version we use LM324N and it's quite old. We may switch to OPA4205 for better results. But for this version lets stay with the tested LM324N.

Made schematic/board of power supply board

Luckily I've noticed that the power pins are switched between those two boards. 

While fixing it, I've noticed that I use sime through hole components while most of the board  are SMD (surface mounted device). The reason for that was to use the same components I've used in breadboard. Then the question rised do I have those components in SMD format? 

Fortunately the answer is yes. I didn't buy those components I just got them while buying SMD resistors. 

So I got diodes 1n4007 and lm339 comparator. Plus, I got 78L05 voltage regulator. Let's use those to make simple and cheap solution.

The new power board 

Made input board

Started to create bare PCB boards using CNC, it took me at least ten attempts to get it right and learn all the tricks failing on each possible step. 

Luckily a pack of ten PCBs costs only six dollars. After few minor but important adjustments I got the desired result

Suitable for 0.5mm pitch ICs.

One good thing about making your own PCBs is how fast you can fix things once they go south.

Here I made a mistake by moving the Arduino relatively to power output.(Although I don't remember doing it)

It took me few minutes to create a new one with the correction.

Now we can start populating those PCBs with components 

Slowly but surely, started adding components 

Rectifier bridge works! 

Added more components capacitors and L78L05 voltage regulator just to find that I used wrong layout much bigger with opposite pinout layout. Tried to reverse and make changes on the fly with Dremel. Ended up with bricked PCB. This should be the 'easy' one. 

Luckily I can print PCB at home.