Electronic System Configuration

A project log for S-ROV : Underwater Drone

S-ROV : Underwater Drone

YJ KimYJ Kim 01/05/2017 at 16:130 Comments

The overall system of ROV that I am envisioning is as follows. In ROV operation, the main board plays the most central role. I'm currently determining the specifications, and they are almost decided.

Since ROV is a robot that operates in water, it can only be connected to the ground controller by wire. In order for ground users to communicate with the Raspberry pi inside the ROV, there must be an ethernet connection each other. However, in that case, up to 8 strands of wire should be needed. As the number of lines increases, it directly affects the ROV movement, and the system becomes bigger and the cost increases. So I decided to use PLC(Power Line Communication) for reduce the number of wires. In this case, we only need two pair of wire between rov and ground controller.
There are two PLC modules that we can obtain. First, OpenROV uses a board inside the home PLC module called 'tenda p200'. Second, there is a Fathom-X module used by BlueRobotics. In terms of performance, BlueRobotics' Fathom-X seems to be better, but considering the pricing and ease of purchase, I think it's better to use the Tenda P200 liek OpenROV.

ESC is required to control the BLDC motor. We need total four ESC. But, due to the small size of our ROV, there is a limit to the space available for placing an ordinary RC ESC. In the meantime, I found an ESC that can be mounted on a PCB. I decided to use the ESC because it is small in size and low in price. I purchased and tested it, and found that the control is not bad, and the internal settings can be made easily via USB.

I'm currently designing the main board PCB, and it may be completed next week. :)