Better Accuracy and Stability

A project log for Low-Cost Non-Dissipative Active Battery Balancer

This cell balancer will transfer electrical charges from a strong cell to a weak cell. Ideal for electric vehicles.

afdhal-atiff-tanAfdhal Atiff Tan 04/23/2017 at 02:350 Comments

As mentioned in my previous post, the accuracy was not that great, and because of that, I decided to try resistors with better tolerance. My RS order has arrived:

One of the components in the box was some 0.05% resistors.

I measured it using my 6000 count multimeter and I have to say, all of them are spot on to the same value, I am impressed! I used to 5% resistor all my life and seeing the consistent readings make me excited. B-)

I know it is expensive, don't worry, I do plan to test the cheaper 0.1% resistors later.

Fitting the smd 0603 on the donut board can be tricky, so I just soldered some wires to make it easier to prototype.

Unfortunately, I accidentally break two of them :(

I also added an RC snubber to reduce the high frequency ringing on the half-bridge with the hope that it will reduce some of the EMI emissions.

I also had to clean all of the flux residues on the board because I found that it is slightly electrically conductive.

The result? The balancing voltage is now within 0.3% (that is less than 10mv for 4.2V lipo cell).

I believe the error is coming from the non-ideal properties of the opamp (such as input voltage/current offsets, etc).

At first, I was skeptical if the opamp can handle the accuracy that I needed, now, I am glad because the cheap LM358 is still usable for this low tolerance project.

I hope to find an equally cheap better opamp than LM358, but, I failed to find one yet. Any tips guys?

I think I am getting closer to the end now. The next step would be to make a pcb for it.