multi-purpose low cost, water proof, solar powered strobe / navigation light for use on buoys & as running lights on small vessels

Similar projects worth following
For many who work and play on the sea and lakes, navigational safety is a life-critical issue. In both being able to locate potential hazards, and in ensuring that their craft are identifiable to other vessels. This is especially problematic for subsistence fishermen who are unlikely to have navigation lights fitted to small boats, or have the capacity to run lights from engines (if fitted). They are also likely to be living in areas with limited to zero navigational markers identifiable at night.

The idea is for a unit consisting of a high efficiency solar charger, power storage using readily available cells and pulsed LED lights/strobe, with intelligent control to allow variable flash patterns and operating modes, such as simple vessel light(s).

This power system could also form the foundation for further remote monitoring sensors.

icense under:

  • Open Source Hardware Definition v1.0
  • Creative Commons - Attribution - ShareAlike 3.0

Although a simple concept, there are various factors that need to be characterized to gain the highest efficiency, tempered by cost considerations.

Operating conditions may range from freezing to surface temperatures of +50'C, so the types of rechargeable cell chemistry need careful consideration versus operating temperature. As does material selection for the housing.

The level of daylight also plays an important part in whether sufficient energy is collected during the day. Crystalline cells have the highest efficiency, but do not function as well as amorphous cells in lower light conditions. The sizes of cells are likely to be well standardized, which will provide a driver for the overall device dimensions.

The light source (LED) needs to provide an output to meet minimum observable distances. And the LEDs themselves need to have sufficient lifespan for the worst case operating duration. To address this the range of possible LEDs will need to be tested to establish

  • How much heat they generate in various modes, as heat damage is the main cause of reduced lifespan in LEDs.
  • Variation of phosphor duration; if there are LEDs with longer duration phosphors then the pulse frequency might be reduced to save energy
  • Output variation of pulse current versus continuous
  • Visibility distances for output power, duration, light colour/temperature, spreading angle

The housing/enclosure will need to meet sufficient IP rating (likely IP68) to provide service as a buoy marker, this requirement may be found to be at odds with wanting to allow excess power to be extracted via a USB port. Similarly, the operating temperature range and UV exposure from the sun will influence the choice of materials.

Figure: Rough concept layout for solar cell, control board, storage cells and x4 light units

With the option to offer USB charging output to allow the most use to be made of the solar cell once the on-board cells are charged.

Control of the light sequencing to allow flexibility in local regulations and to accommodate setting of signalling of a morse code letter to allow identification of different units, is needed. With the controller being required to minimise power in use and maximise time in sleep/standby state.

  • Details on different lights

    David Brown04/17/2017 at 18:44 0 comments

    Channel Markers

    These mark the sides of a safe route via red or green flashing lights

    Cardinal Marks

    These mark the perimeter of a hazard and the position of the hazard in relation to the mark; North, South, East & West (cardinals) by a flashing white light of four different codes.

    Other marks

    Other marks are isolated danger and clear water marks used to mark navigable water all around the mark,

    Navigation lights

    In the case of a version used as a vessels navigation light, for the typical size range of vessel will have a single white light and for larger vessels a red/green bi-colour bow (front light)

    So the simplest version would only need constant white light (all round). The more complicated option would be dual colours. This is a good example from the RNLI website

View project log

Enjoy this project?



Similar Projects

Does this project spark your interest?

Become a member to follow this project and never miss any updates