
Full adder made from reed relays
04/16/2017 at 14:54 • 5 commentsThis video shows a full adder made using 4 DPST reed relays and 1 SPST reed relay. All combinations of inputs are cycled through.
Below is a truth table and the circuit diagram followed by an explanation [explanation added following discussion in comments]:
The rectangles labelled with upper case letters represent relay coils. The corresponding contacts are represented using lower case letters. The unlabelled rectangles represent resistors, where the resistance is equal to the resistance of a relay coil. All of the relays used have a coil activation voltage of 5V.
All inputs and outputs use the same convention to represent binary digits 1 and 0: 5V represents 1, and no connection represents 0.
D and E are used to implement XOR gates. Relay coil D will activate if either a is closed, or b is closed, but not if both are closed. Similarly coil E will activate if either c is closed or d is closed but not both. Contact e can therefore be used to obtain a XOR b XOR c, i.e. the sum of the inputs.
Because relays A, B, C and D are double pole, the second set of contacts in each can be used to implement the carry function  the ladder arrangement in the bottom right of the circuit diagram.