New z-axis, first test cut

A project log for PCB mill for under $10

pcb mill built from garbage using basic hand tools and little money

shlonkinshlonkin 03/11/2014 at 06:403 Comments

Before you get too excited, that first cut was just in dense cardboard, not the real thing. But we'll get to that shortly.

As I mentioned before, I really needed a new z-axis design, so I went to the place where I can really concentrate and piece things together in my mind, the hardware store. I eventually decided on the following:

I think the picture is pretty self explanatory, but I'll try to describe it. Note that everything is temporarily tacked together with hot glue. The idea is that the final device will be held together with a much more permanent and strong adhesive, but you know, sometimes I get lazy and the hot glue stays if it works. The top motor is a 7.5degree/step, 4-winding, unipolar stepper that I probably got from a fax machine. It is coupled via a 3mm screw and long nut to the cutting motor. Both of these run on 12V. 

The bottom motor is snugly fixed between four bushings that ride up and down 6mm bolts. I was really careful with positioning, so there is almost no lateral play in the motor, and the bushings slide with ease.

The white structure is made from a cutting board pulled out of the garbage. I love working with that stuff. If you ever find such a chunk of plastic, don't pass it up.

The stepper is driven with a convenient darlington array with built in clamping diodes. I don't remember what I pulled that out of, but it was a lucky find. Here is the updated controller (I'll post schematics once they are finalized):

Notice that I have now switched to a stand alone microcontroller, but it still makes use of Arduino. The smaller chip is the darlington array.

What is the cost of this new z-axis? The only things I had to buy were some of the screws, nuts and bushings. It came to 200 yen (about $2).

And here it is in place:

And finally, the part you've all been waiting for. I just had to give it a test drive to see what happens, so I stuck some dense cardboard in it and cut a little 1cm square thing. Everything worked smoothly and the result looks great. Now if i can get a similar result on an actual pcb I will be filled with joy.


Scott wrote 06/29/2016 at 22:24 point

When do ya think you will post the controller schematics ?

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willbaden wrote 03/13/2014 at 01:01 point
Looks pretty consistent in depth. Looks like good progress has been made!

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Androiders wrote 03/11/2014 at 06:53 point
This is so cool! Good work :)

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