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MOAR I/O! (SPI)

A project log for muCPU: an 8-bit MCU

An 8-bit load-store CPU with 2 pipeline stages, designed in Logisim and implemented in VHDL + assembler written in Python

Reed FosterReed Foster 04/18/2016 at 00:050 Comments

I have a couple oled displays lying around, and I figured that the display wouldn't be too complicated to interface to (riiiight). Anyway, the OLED controller (SSD1306) is configured to communicate with SPI, so to talk to it, I need an SPI master entity that takes an 8-bit parallel value and loads it (serially) into the OLED. I also wrote an arduino sketch based off of Adafruit's library for the SSD1306. By writing this sketch, it is easier for me to understand what exactly needs to happen to a) initialize the display and b) write data to it to display pixels (and hopefully characters and words eventually). The vhdl code I've written may not be the most efficient code, but it appears to work. I've uploaded the vhdl file for the SPI master (as well as its testbench) to github, and below is an (edited) image of the iSim waveform output:

iSim Waveform

Arduino Sketch

#define SSD1306_LCDWIDTH                  128
#define SSD1306_LCDHEIGHT                 64
#define SSD1306_SETCONTRAST 0x81
#define SSD1306_DISPLAYALLON_RESUME 0xA4
#define SSD1306_DISPLAYALLON 0xA5
#define SSD1306_NORMALDISPLAY 0xA6
#define SSD1306_INVERTDISPLAY 0xA7
#define SSD1306_DISPLAYOFF 0xAE
#define SSD1306_DISPLAYON 0xAF
#define SSD1306_SETDISPLAYOFFSET 0xD3
#define SSD1306_SETCOMPINS 0xDA
#define SSD1306_SETVCOMDETECT 0xDB
#define SSD1306_SETDISPLAYCLOCKDIV 0xD5
#define SSD1306_SETPRECHARGE 0xD9
#define SSD1306_SETMULTIPLEX 0xA8
#define SSD1306_SETLOWCOLUMN 0x00
#define SSD1306_SETHIGHCOLUMN 0x10
#define SSD1306_SETSTARTLINE 0x40
#define SSD1306_MEMORYMODE 0x20
#define SSD1306_COLUMNADDR 0x21
#define SSD1306_PAGEADDR   0x22
#define SSD1306_COMSCANINC 0xC0
#define SSD1306_COMSCANDEC 0xC8
#define SSD1306_SEGREMAP 0xA0
#define SSD1306_CHARGEPUMP 0x8D

//Pin Connections
#define OLED_MOSI   9
#define OLED_CLK   10
#define OLED_DC    11
#define OLED_CS    12
#define OLED_RESET 13

static uint8_t buff[SSD1306_LCDHEIGHT * SSD1306_LCDWIDTH / 8] = { 
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80,
0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0xC0, 0xC0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0xC0, 0xE0, 0xF0, 0xF8, 0xFC, 0xF8, 0xE0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80,
0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0xFF,
0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x00,
0x80, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0x80, 0x00, 0x00, 0x8C, 0x8E, 0x84, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0xF8,
0xF8, 0xF8, 0x80, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xE0, 0xE0, 0xC0, 0x80,
0x00, 0xE0, 0xFC, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x7F, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0xC7, 0x01, 0x01,
0x01, 0x01, 0x83, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00, 0x7C, 0xFE, 0xC7, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x83, 0xFF,
0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x38, 0xFE, 0xC7, 0x83, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x83, 0xC7, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00,
0x01, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x07, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x7F, 0xFF,
0x80, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x7F, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0xFF,
0xFF, 0xFF, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x03, 0x0F, 0x3F, 0x7F, 0x7F, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xE7, 0xC7, 0xC7, 0x8F,
0x8F, 0x9F, 0xBF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xC3, 0xC0, 0xF0, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFC, 0xFC, 0xFC,
0xFC, 0xFC, 0xFC, 0xFC, 0xFC, 0xF8, 0xF8, 0xF0, 0xF0, 0xE0, 0xC0, 0x00, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03,
0x03, 0x03, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x01, 0x01,
0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01,
0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x03,
0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0xC0, 0xE0, 0xF0, 0xF9, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x3F, 0x1F, 0x0F,
0x87, 0xC7, 0xF7, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x3D, 0xFC, 0xF8, 0xF8, 0xF8, 0xF8, 0x7C, 0x7D, 0xFF,
0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x7F, 0x3F, 0x0F, 0x07, 0x00, 0x30, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFE, 0xFC, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xE0, 0xC0, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x30, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0xC0, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x7F, 0x7F, 0x3F, 0x1F,
0x0F, 0x07, 0x1F, 0x7F, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xF8, 0xF8, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFE, 0xF8, 0xE0,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFE, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0xFC, 0xFE, 0xFC, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x06, 0x0E, 0xFC, 0xF8, 0x00, 0x00, 0xF0, 0xF8, 0x1C, 0x0E,
0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x0C, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFE, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFC,
0xFE, 0xFC, 0x00, 0x18, 0x3C, 0x7E, 0x66, 0xE6, 0xCE, 0x84, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x06,
0x06, 0xFC, 0xFE, 0xFC, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFE, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC0, 0xF8,
0xFC, 0x4E, 0x46, 0x46, 0x46, 0x4E, 0x7C, 0x78, 0x40, 0x18, 0x3C, 0x76, 0xE6, 0xCE, 0xCC, 0x80,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x07, 0x0F, 0x1F, 0x1F, 0x3F, 0x3F, 0x3F, 0x3F, 0x1F, 0x0F, 0x03,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x03, 0x07, 0x0E, 0x0C,
0x18, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x0F, 0x0E, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x0F,
0x07, 0x01, 0x00, 0x04, 0x0E, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x0F, 0x07, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00,
0x00, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0F, 0x0F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x07,
0x07, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x1C, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x06, 0x00, 0x04, 0x0E, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x0F, 0x07,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

void setup()   {                
  Serial.begin(9600);
  
  begin(true);
  //flashes adafruit logo once
  disp_buff();
  delay(1000);
  clear_disp();
  delay(1000);
  disp_buff();
}


void loop() {
}

void begin(bool reset) {

  // set pin directions
  pinMode(OLED_DC, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(OLED_CS, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(OLED_MOSI, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(OLED_CLK, OUTPUT);
  if ((reset)) {
    pinMode(OLED_RESET, OUTPUT);
    digitalWrite(OLED_RESET, HIGH);
    delay(1);
    digitalWrite(OLED_RESET, LOW);
    delay(10);
    digitalWrite(OLED_RESET, HIGH);
  }
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_DISPLAYOFF);                    // 0xAE
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETDISPLAYCLOCKDIV);            // 0xD5
  ssd1306_command(0x10);                                  // the suggested ratio 0x80
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETMULTIPLEX);                  // 0xA8
  ssd1306_command(0x3F);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETDISPLAYOFFSET);              // 0xD3
  ssd1306_command(0x00);                                   // no offset
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETSTARTLINE | 0x0);            // line #0
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_CHARGEPUMP);                    // 0x8D
  ssd1306_command(0x14);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_MEMORYMODE);                    // 0x20
  ssd1306_command(0x00);                                  // 0x0 act like ks0108
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SEGREMAP | 0x1);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_COMSCANDEC);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETCOMPINS);                    // 0xDA
  ssd1306_command(0x12);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETCONTRAST);                   // 0x81
  ssd1306_command(0xCF);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETPRECHARGE);                  // 0xd9
  ssd1306_command(0xF1);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_SETVCOMDETECT);                 // 0xDB
  ssd1306_command(0x40);
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_DISPLAYALLON_RESUME);           // 0xA4
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_NORMALDISPLAY);                 // 0xA6
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_DISPLAYON);//--turn on oled panel
}

void ssd1306_command(uint8_t c) { 
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(OLED_DC, LOW);
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, LOW);
  fastSPIwrite(c);
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, HIGH);
}

void disp_buff(void) {
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_COLUMNADDR);
  ssd1306_command(0);   // Column start address (0 = reset)
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_LCDWIDTH-1); // Column end address (127 = reset)

  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_PAGEADDR);
  ssd1306_command(0); // Page start address (0 = reset)
  ssd1306_command(7); // Page end address

  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(OLED_DC, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, LOW);
  for (uint16_t i=0; i<(SSD1306_LCDWIDTH*SSD1306_LCDHEIGHT/8); i++) {
    fastSPIwrite(buff[i]);
  }
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, HIGH);
}

void clear_disp(void) {
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_COLUMNADDR);
  ssd1306_command(0);   // Column start address (0 = reset)
  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_LCDWIDTH-1); // Column end address (127 = reset)

  ssd1306_command(SSD1306_PAGEADDR);
  ssd1306_command(0); // Page start address (0 = reset)
  ssd1306_command(7); // Page end address

  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(OLED_DC, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, LOW);
  for (uint16_t i=0; i<(SSD1306_LCDWIDTH*SSD1306_LCDHEIGHT/8); i++) {
    fastSPIwrite(0x00);
  }
  digitalWrite(OLED_CS, HIGH);
}

void fastSPIwrite(uint8_t d) {
  for(uint8_t bit = 0x80; bit; bit >>= 1) {
    digitalWrite(OLED_CLK, LOW);
    if(d & bit) digitalWrite(OLED_MOSI, HIGH);
    else        digitalWrite(OLED_MOSI, LOW);
    digitalWrite(OLED_CLK, HIGH);
  }
}

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