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Soln #6A: License Plate detection using Computer Vision

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SLAM, ADAS-CAS, Sensor Fusion, Touch-less Attendance, Elderly Assist, Monocular Depth, Gesture & Security Cam with OpenVINO, Math & RPi

Anand UthamanAnand Uthaman 10/25/2021 at 07:590 Comments

I have used computer vision to detect the license plate of the approaching car. Since the car comes near the security barrier to a predefined distance, we can predefine a minimum and maximum contour area to locate the license plate in an image.

img = cv2.imread("car.png")
gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
ret, gray = cv2.threshold(gray, 250,255,0)

# applying different thresholding techniques on the input image
# all pixels value above 120 will be set to 255
ret, thresh2 = cv2.threshold(img, 120, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY_INV)
gray = cv2.cvtColor(thresh2, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
contours, _ = cv2.findContours(gray, cv2.RETR_TREE, cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE)

for cnt in contours:
    approx = cv2.approxPolyDP(cnt, 0.01*cv2.arcLength(cnt, True), True)

    # The area constant is computed by the expectation of
    # how near the car can come near the security barrier
    if len(approx) == 4 and cv2.contourArea(cnt) > 1000:
        # Draw the License Plate Contour
        cv2.drawContours(img, [approx], 0, (0), 5) 

cv2.imshow("shapes", img)
cv2.waitKey(0)
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

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