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Hardware registers and microcode

A project log for Kobold - retro TTL computer

A computer with 20 address bits, 16 bit instructions, video display, from just a few TTL and memory chips. Aiming for PDP11 instruction set.

roelhroelh 04/09/2019 at 18:590 Comments

REGISTERS

The data width of the CPU is 8 bits.

The CPU will now have four address registers (instead of the single HL register pair ).

The address registers are 20 bits wide. Regular instructions will operate on the lowest 16 bits, and there will be special instructions to fill the upper 4 bits of each register.

Register naming:
  PC program counter
  WP workspace pointer
   X index register
   Y index register  

There will be two 8-bit accumulator registers, coupled to the new ALU. They can, together,
contain a 16 bit value.

MICROCODE

Hopefully, the microcode can stay 8 bits wide.

For the moment, this is the idea for the micro-instructions:

00AA DDDD  load accumulator 8bit, addr register AA with displ. DDDD
01AA DDDD  store accumulator 8bit, addr register AA with displ. DDDD
10AA DDDD  add to accumulator, addr register AA with displ. DDDD

1100 FFFF  set ALU function FFFF (instead of the default ADD)

1101 AA00  16-bit accumulator to addr. register AA (bits 0-15)
1101 AA01  16-bit accumulator to addr. register AA (bits 16-19) 
1101 AA10  16-bit accumulator to addr. register AA if true (bits 0-15)
1101 AA11  16-bit accumulator to addr. register AA if false (bits 0-15)

1110 FFFF  reserved for I/O

1111 FFFF  microcode jump

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