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    Microwave Vs PIR Motion Sensor With ESP32 & LoRa Project

    Hey, what's up,Guys! Akarsh here from CETech.

    This project of mine is more of a learning curve to understand the difference between the PIR and microwave motion sensor available in the market.

    Then we will connect them to an ESP32 and a LoRa module to make a wireless motion detection system wherein once motion is detected the message is transferred through LoRa and is read by the ESP32 receiver which switches a LED remotely when motion is detected.

    At the end of the tutorial, we will be able to use the sensors standalone and with micros like esp8266/esp32 etc.

    Let's start with the fun now

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    Taking a look at the modules and comparing them
    • Technology: RCWL-0516 is based on microwave doppler effect so when there is motion then microwave tends to change its frequency due to doppler effect which is read by the sensor and motion is detected, on the other hand, the HC-SR501 is based on passive infrared technology and senses body temperature through infrared technology.
    • Cost: Both the sensors are economically priced and can be bought for under a dollar each from Aliexpress.
    • Coverage/Range: The RCWL-0516 has a 360' coverage with a claimed range of 3-7 meters, the PIR sensor only has a directional coverage of 110' with a similar 3-7 meter range. According to my tests, I suggest using the PIR for a closer range and a more accurate motion detection application and the RCWL for larger distances and wide coverage.
    • Voltage Range: RCWL: 4-28 Volts, PIR: 4-12 Volts
    • Project Application wise: When no waterproofing is required then PIR is a good option as its lens should not be covered by any case, the RCWL can be covered by any plastic throughout without affecting the functionality of the sensor.
    • You can refer to these links to read about these sensors in detail:
    • RCWL: https://www.electroschematics.com/get-started-microwave-radar-motion-sensor/
    • PIR Sensor: https://lastminuteengineers.com/pir-sensor-arduino-tutorial/