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Tougher INA3221 Power Monitor

Power monitor with three channels based on INA3221 and TPS1HB08A. Compatible with Arduino Nano and Feather.

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Power monitor with three channels, each capable of continuous 10A and 24V. It is compatible with both Arduino and Feather, and is based on a popular INA3221. The power monitor is more robust compared to other modules based on this IC. Each channel has proper RC filtering with TVS diodes to prevent INA3221 from being destroyed by transients, and to eliminate glitches. Pluggable screw terminals are rated for 15A, and can handle 12 to 30 AWG wires.

The third channel has a TPS1HB08A power switch, to be able to disconnect the load.
The board can also provide power to the Feather or Arduino from the first channel via a built-in buck converter.

The KiCAD project is available on Github.

Block diagram

Tougher INA3221 Power meter block diagram.

Adobe Portable Document Format - 155.09 kB - 09/05/2020 at 13:04

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  • 1 × TPS1HB08A 40-V, 8-mΩ Single-Channel Smart High-Side Switch
  • 1 × INA3221 26V, triple channel, 13-bit, i2c output current/voltage monitor w/alerts
  • 1 × AP63205 3.8V TO 32V INPUT, 2A LOW IQ SYNCHRONOUS BUCK WITH ENHANCED EMI REDUCTION

  • PCBs received

    Beast Devices09/22/2020 at 08:27 0 comments

    Got the PCBs, of course with the matte black solder mask.

  • Designing the PCB

    Beast Devices09/10/2020 at 07:48 0 comments

    I wanted to keep the design 2-layer, and with some insignificant shortcuts, I kept it at two layers. I have tried to avoid large currents to pass around INA3221 to prevent ground bouncing, so I added some cutouts in the ground. Cutouts are made so that differential traces from current resistor don’t experience ground plane breaks. I didn’t add any ground pours on the bottom layer, because it wouldn’t add any significant benefit that I can see. It would just introduce more headache with controlling where the ground current are going. The ground path in the power area is solid and uninterrupted, and the ground path in signal areas is good enough.

    The size of PCB is 130 mm by 53 mm, and could probably be made a bit smaller with a 4-layer design, by having Feather/Arduino sitting on top of everything. But this approach would also make it harder to do any changes later on. In the current design, if I want to change from Feather/Arduino to something else, I don’t have to modify anything in the power area.

  • The schematics

    Beast Devices09/05/2020 at 13:15 0 comments

    My first ever schematics in KiCAD is finished. It was a bit difficult to get used to it after working mostly in Altium and CircuitStudio.

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