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OpenLRC - The low cost linear rails CNC

Open source CNC project which uses cheap linear rails from china, and aluminum C profiles for modularity and rigidity.

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Cnc capable of wood and light metal cutting.

This build will be losely based of the Sphinx 55 CNC by Sorin Iliesu and custom plates made by Chris Laidlawh. Their design is sadly not open source and their are no plans available. The OpenLRC is designed so you can either 3d print, or cut the parts out of wood. Once you get the CNC up an running you will be able to cut the plates out of aluminum to upgrade the machine yourself. The idea for this project came after i built my MPCNC in fall of 2019. I originally built it with the plan of cutting aluminum, but sadly while very cheap, and very fun to build, the platform is just not stiff enough. The idea was I wanted to transfer all the buget parts such as nema 17 motors and tb6600 stepper drivers that I used to make the MPCNC with the intent to upgrade them later. 

  • Finished V1

    Peter Buckley10/27/2020 at 06:44 0 comments

    Open LRC Log 2

    After a while with no updates, I finally have finished the first version of the project! While it still has many flaws that need to be sorted out before I can release files and instructions, it does in fact work. For Right now the CNC is mounted to a poorly made temporary table. A much more stiff table and enclosure have yet to come. Here are some pictures of the machine. 

    Electronics

    The main controller I have chosen to use for this build is the DDCSV2.1. While the price of this controller is more expensive than most at $160, it has full offline capability's meaning it does not have to be tethered to a pc in order to function. You simply put the GRBL Gcode files into a usb thumbdrive, plug it in, and hit start. This controller has a ton of features including + and - endstops for all 3 axis, toolpath simulation, pendent compatibility, and digital rpm control for spindles that support it. It is also extremely simple to wire up and get going with. A full wiring guide will be released with the files. Here are some pictures of the controller box.

    Issues and Changes

    An issue you guys probably noticed in the earlier pictures are the screws all coming out due to vibrations of the machine. I did not use thread-locker on any screws which was a massive mistake that will  be reprehended when I reassemble it into version 2. Another issue holding the machine back is skipped steps. This is when the force required to be issued by the stepper motor is more than it can handle and it "skips" a step. This is only apparent while milling aluminum as can be seen below. There could be 2 underlying causes for this. 1). The stepper motors are too weak. Many who have built similar platforms have opted to use the larger nema 23's for their higher torque. These motors are also a lot more expensive and require a larger psu adding more cost. 2). The spindle is to weak. I opted to go with a 300w spindle, as it is the absolute cheapest one can buy. One of the limitations is that the spindle does not have enough torque at lower rotation speeds, meaning you have to move it faster with a shallow depth of cut for optimal chip load. Moving the spindle fast strains the steppers and applies more force to the entire machine. This can, and will be remedied by either a cheap Chinese 1.5kw spindle. Or a cheap wood router. Both options have pros and cons and I have not decided which to go with yet. A router is cheaper and easier to setup, but is limited by power and the rpms can not be controlled as precisely. A Chinese spindle is more expensive and requires a separate controller, but is more powerful and has less runout. Before I add a new spindle, I have chosen to mill a new Z-Axis Plate and Side Plates out of  3/4 thick 6061 aluminum. I have refined my design with better tolerances and shape. This should help stiffen up the entire machine. The next update will be in a few weeks when these changes are complete. I expect final files to be released by the end of the year. Until then see yah 

    -Peter

  • X-Axis

    Peter Buckley05/22/2020 at 03:42 0 comments

    The x Axis is the exact same as the regular Spinx. I printed the plates in Black Amazon basics Petg with 5 perimeters and 100% infill. 

    I used 3d printed rail aligners to temporally install the linear rails. Im using MGN12H knockoffs off alibaba. They are each only held on with 4 screws for now as i am waiting for more to arrive. The lead screws are not installed because i mistakenly ordered them all far to short. Right now i am designing the plates for the y and z axis. And will add nother log when those are complete.

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archer.lawrence wrote 10/31/2020 at 21:59 point

Fantastic project!  Any chance you could share the 3D printed parts file(s).

  Are you sure? yes | no

Peter Buckley wrote 11/10/2020 at 02:51 point

Yes they will be made available for free when I am done with them. They still need some more work.

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