Car USB charger

A car usb charger based on the MC34063 chip

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Built to replace the 1 dollar chargers I keep buying (after vetting them) so i could actually use my phone while its charging.

Note: IT is finished, but i will post a log per day outlining my steps.

i have finished this project. I just need to post the final log. I did manage to take care of the overheating problem.

  • 1 × LED + Resistor
  • 1 × Assorted wires
  • 1 × 150 pF ma capacitor For timing
  • 1 × 330Ω and 1KΩ resitors For the output feed back
  • 2 × electrolytic Capacitors 47 μF minimum Output/input Voltage smoother

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  • Nearing the finish

    NDX580006/18/2015 at 22:31 0 comments

    The bottom all soldered up after getting rid of the heatsink. That green wire near the bottom provides the regulator's power and the blob of hot glue holds it in place. I also replaced the wires from the spring and PCB since i did not believe they would handle the current.

    A test fit of the board. I ended up having to remove some plastic off the casing to get it to fit well.

    The usb ports. When the hub was still intact, I tried to desolder and remove the USB ports. I couldn't get them off. Then I realized that if I kept the board and cut off the excess, i could the left over board as support. So I cut the row of 4 off the main board and cut it into two pieces. A test fit showed it was still a little too large, so the extra on each side of the ports were cut off. I then soldered on the wires for power. I also shorted out the data pins to force AC charging on my cellphone. Later, I cut out the holes in the casing and hot glued the ports into place.

    The top view of the circuit after connecting all the wires. I also ended up having to cut off a bit of excess board next to the inductor since it interfered with the usb when I tried to close the unit up. Orange/white is the red led. The two blue, clear white wires are for the USB. Yellow/Brown is for the 12v from the car.

    The finished unit. A test fit in a car showed that it was too tight, so I ended up removing two metal bearings (not shown). A quick test showed that it regulated to 5.3 volts so i left at that. However, on its maiden voyage, i noticed that the area near the fet was warm, which i expected. What I didn't expect was another area was warm too. A quick dis-assembly and foolishly putting my finger on the diode resulted in a burnt finger. The fet was hot as well, but not enough to cause great worry.

    That evening, I used an N-FET as a dump load to test how long it could run and the result worried me. After about 45 minutes, the voltage regulation started to fail, letting the voltage spike up to 7 volts for moments at a time. I stopped the test and left the system to cool down. I pulled it apart again and checked what was hot. The diode and the Fet were a given, but so was the inductor. When I tried to pull out the board, I found that it was stuck to the plastic. After a good tug, it came loose and found that the hot glue blob had gotten soft. I checked the other blobs and they were all soft. After it cooled down, I turned it on again and the system was regulating to 5.3 volts again.

    So I was left with a choice, leave it at that, or put back the heat sinks.

    I chose heat sinks.

  • And it continues

    NDX580006/17/2015 at 17:03 0 comments

    A family photo of all the parts that went in. However, the heatsink was removed when it became apparent that i would have space constraints. The capacitors were switched out as well. Not shown is a USB hub I burnt out a while back that I used for the USB ports. The FET is rated for ~11 amps continuous and the diode is rated for 20 amps. The diode was one I pulled out of a ATX power supply.

    Outlining the board.

    Adding Parts. The 1k resistor was later relocated to underneath the board.

    Here is where life got busy and the project was put on hold for about two weeks.

  • SO it began

    NDX580006/17/2015 at 02:22 0 comments

    A friend of mine bought two of those units for his personal use. Upon arrival, he used one until it burned out. He brought the units over to a lab we have access to and showed me the units. Once he explained what he needed them for, I advised him to buy a real car inverter from Walmart. My friend passed them on to me, where i burnt the second one within minutes of plugin it in. I never used the usb port and later tests showed that it output 6 volts.

    That is the original board. (NOT SHOWN: TO-92 Transitor, TIP41C Transitor, and a capacitor). I decided not to repair after seeing how made.

    Bottom View

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