This artistic project is situated between aesthetics and functionality. Beautiful colored metals are cables between electronic components
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Schematic for the Electrical Tessellation Artwork
Adobe Portable Document Format - 54.39 kB - 12/22/2018 at 20:07
"8-bit tribute" (2017)
Pixel art of the famous sprite of the Sonic The Hedgehog for the 8-bit sega consoles. This artwork recreates musically the Green Hill stage using the famous SN76489 chip (3 square waved voices and 1 noise voice) used in the SEGA Master System, Game Gear and Megadrive/Genesis.
This interactive artwork can be controlled with a IR distance sensor and 3 different LED colors guide the viewer through Green Hill trying to get the rings, the chaos emerald and finally arriving successfully at the end of the stage.
- "Kepler's Tessellation" (2016)
It uses the pentagon-decagon-five point star combination studied by Johannes Kepler. Copper and niobium pieces are completed by two Pentagon spirals made of titanium that act as speakers. Distance sensor triggers a Chopin's sonata that it is only performs with the right tempo at a fixed distance. If this is missed then both speakers play asynchronously for the rest of the time.
- "Bytestream music on canvas" (2016)
2 random pieces of 6 seconds one-line algorithmic music are generated every time the photoresistor is activated. 6 LEDs fade in and out randomly and simultaneously. 2 Simple code lines define complex patterns of music and light. All this complexity grows on a hexagon-square-triangle tessellation made of heat-colored copper. The speaker is made of a hexagonal spiral of copper in the center with a big neodymium magnet behind.
- "Private self portrait" (2017)
It is made of three elements. Liquid Crystal panel, distance sensor and copper band. The more you get closed to the face, the less you can see the eyes.
Nowadays all of us share our selfies without too much thinking in our social networks but on the other side we are at the same time more reluctant to leave other people entering in our private sphere.
- "Decagon's sonata" (2017)
It is based on the Moonlight sonata by Beethoven played in an old FM chip like YM2413. In parallel 10 OLEDs are playing 5 different hypnotic animations that can be controlled through a Sharp IR distance sensor.
- "Rhythmic Windmills (2016)"
A randomly selected rhythm is activated when the metal colored windmill turns. The SMD LEDs of different colors are lighted up with the three different sound elements: high-pitched square wave, low-pitched square wave and noise. When the three windmills are played together, more complex rhythms are created. Every windmill is made entirely out of one metal, copper (brown and gold tones), titanium (blue, gray and purple) and niobium (green, blue and pink)
"Niobium, formerly columbium, is a chemical element with symbol Nb (formerly Cb) and atomic number 41. It is a soft, grey, ductile transition metal, which is often found in the pyrochlore mineral, the main commercial source for niobium, and columbite. The name comes from Greek mythology: Niobe, daughter of Tantalus since it is so similar to tantalum."
Small amounts of niobium are added to steel to drastically increase its strength, to make superconductors and in jewellery thanks to it is hipoallergenic.
However, the thin film oxide that grows on the surface of the metal during anodization produce gorgeous colors.
And what do you need for anodization?
- A metal to be anodized connected to the positive of the power supply --> Niobium
- A metal that cannot be corroded connected to the negative of the power supply --> i.e. stainless steel
- A power supply up to 120 V and able to deliver at least 3 A.
- And finally an electrolyte where the metals can be immersed. In this case...diet coke????!!!!! --> Yes, because it contains phosphoric acid that it is mainly used in the anodization industry.
With all these elements and just changing the voltage you can obtain the following colors (from left to right and from top to bottom, beginning with 5V and 5V steps):
I have uploaded the Arduino IDE code used in the artwork in GitHub. The key part of the code is the VGM player used for playing the VGM files created with the Deflemask tracker. The songs are copied in C format directly from the VGM files and it is copied at the beginning of the file. The rest of the code read the temperature from the IR thermometer and trigger the different events (songs and leds combination) when the viewer interact with the artwork.
Yamaha YM2612 and YM3438 are fantastic FM chips which usage is widely documented. The only thing they need is a microcontroller to send the correct information to every register and set the different parameters of the FM synthesis. In this artwork this task is carried out by the omnipresent ATMega328p. The way the viewer interact with the artwork triggering the different events is through an IR thermometer MLX90614 that can be controlled with I2C
The ATMega328p is supported with two ICs 74hc595 and 74hc164 to increase the number of GPIO pins needed for the YM2612 (16 pins) and the 7 SMD LEDs.
The audio output is amplified thanks to the PAM8403 Class D amplifier reducing the power usage required.
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