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bracelet for the blind

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The bracelet helps the blinds people to navigate speed by detecting the nearby obstacles using the help of ultrasonic waves and notify them with buzzer sound or vibration.
The aim of the project is to develop a cheap and more efficient way to help visually impaired to navigate with greater comfort and confidence.

My project is updated at PROJECT LOGS (These are the modifications and improvements of the project)

My project has been shared on http://arduino.vn/result/1621-vong-deo-tay-ho-tro-nguoi-mu (An arduino community site in Vietnam).

With some knowledge of arduino, anyone can do this.

The bracelet has 3 operating modes:

- Battery charging mode: Enabled when plugging the 5 volt charger into the DC Jack. When the battery reaches 4.2 volts, the charging mode will be turned off.

- Finger vibration mode: When the distance to the object is less than 1 meter, the motor on the thumb will vibrate slightly to alert. When the distance to objects from 1 meter to 2.5 meters, the motor on the little finger will vibrate slightly to alert.

- Sound mode: the sound will ring faster when approaching the object. The sound will slow down as you move away from the object.

* "Button" is used to turn the device on or off by pressing and holding for 3 seconds. Or to switch between two modes, finger vibration mode or sound mode.

Below is a video showing how to turn on my device and how it works in sound mode.


Below is a video showing the bracelet being charged

The bracelet weighs about 60g. I designed a wearable device on my hands, it was easily worn on my hands and easily removed from my hand. Another advantage is that, the hand can still hold or grasp other objects normally when wearing the device.

Long-lasting motor vibrations can cause finger pain. So I let the motor only have a slight vibration level, enough for the blind to feel the vibration from the finger.

When in finger vibration mode, the blind can get used to the feeling: The motor vibrates on the thumb, ie the object is near. The motor vibrates on the little finger, which is far away (from 1 meter to 2.5 meters). Both motors are not vibrating when the distance is greater than 2.5 meters.

bracelet_for_the_blind_Upgrade_1.1.ino

Code used in the arduino pro mini board (upgrade version 1.1)

ino - 24.16 kB - 09/03/2017 at 09:16

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Circuit diagram_upgrade.png

upgrade version 1.1

Portable Network Graphics (PNG) - 213.37 kB - 08/26/2017 at 18:07

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bracelet_for_the_blind.ino

Code used in the arduino pro mini board.

ino - 9.25 kB - 07/05/2017 at 08:18

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JPEG Image - 1.01 MB - 07/05/2017 at 01:51

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  • 2 × water plastic pipe ∅21mm and ∅48mm
  • 1 × Pvc sheet
  • 1 × Plastic adhesive
  • 1 × Arduino pro mini
  • 1 × HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor

View all 21 components

  • Make the bracelet and the box contains the device (Upgrade version).

    Tiendo09/06/2017 at 10:38 0 comments

    I have cut some parts, to create some products.


    Parts needed for a bracelet. With "Velcro tape", the bracelet will be more flexible.


    The plastic part of the front of the device.


    The plastic part associated with the bracelet (use plastic glue).


    Size of parts.


    Complete electronic component box.


    I drill small holes on the bracelet, and use sewing needle to sew "velcro tape" with "bracelet".

    Do the same on the other side of the bracelet.


    Inside the box.


    And this is " Bracelet for the blind " (Upgrade version).

  • Code upgrade_1.1

    Tiendo09/03/2017 at 08:47 0 comments

    //bracelet_for_the_blind_Upgrade_1.1
    //tác giả(Author): Đỗ Xuân Tiến - Gmail: doxuantiendx07@gmail.com
    #include <EEPROM.h>
    const int trig = A1;     //chân trig của HC-SR04
    const int echo = A0;     //chân echo của HC-SR04
    byte ngon_tay_cai_6 = 6;     //ngón tay cái - thumb
    //byte middle_finger = 5;  //ngón tay giữa
    byte ngon_tay_ut_3 = 3;      //ngón tay út - little finger
    byte mosfet_9 = 9;     //mosfet
    byte coi_chip_5 = 5;  //buzzer
    byte led_4 = 4;       //led
    byte chan_sac_8 = 8;  //chân bật tắt dòng sạc - D8 to on/off charger
    byte button_10 = 10;    //button nguồn: chức năng bat/tat/rung/loa - button: on/off/vibrator/buzzer
    byte button_cong_12 = 12; //button " + "
    byte button_tru_11 = 11; //button " - "
    byte do_volt_pin_A3 = A3; //đo volt pin - A3 to measure the battery voltage
    byte volt_cam_sac_A2 = A2; //nhận biết khi cắm điện sạc - A2 to identify the battery charger
     
    byte rung_cai = 0; 
    byte rung_ut = 0;
    byte rung_cai_1 = 0;    
    byte rung_cai_2 = 0;
    byte rung_ut_1 = 0;     
    byte rung_ut_2 = 0;
    byte che_do_rung = 0; 
    byte khong_lap = 0;   
    byte sau_tha_nut = 0;
    byte khong_lap_12 = 0;    
    byte sau_tha_nut_12 = 0;   
    byte khong_lap_11 = 0;   
    byte sau_tha_nut_11 = 0; 
    byte khoa_bao_dong = 0;    
    byte loa1 = 0;  
    byte loa2 = 0; 
    byte den1 = 0;  
    byte den2 = 0;
    byte sac_1 = 0;  
    byte sac_2 = 0;   
    byte tat = 0;  //biến giúp khi rút sạc thì tắt - Turn off the power when not charging
    byte EP_1lan1 = 0;   
    byte EP_1lan2 = 0;   
    byte EP_1lan3 = 0;  
    byte EP_1lan4 = 0;   
    byte EP_1lan5 = 0;
    byte hieu_so_bd = 0;    
    int dovolt_out = 0;
    int dovolt_pin = 0; 
    float volt_pin = 0;
    unsigned long pe_rung = 0;
    unsigned long pe_rung_cai_1 = 0;   
    unsigned long pe_rung_cai_2 = 0; 
    unsigned long pe_rung_ut_1 = 0;    
    unsigned long pe_rung_ut_2 = 0;
    unsigned long pe_loa1 = 0;   
    unsigned long pe_loa2 = 0; 
    unsigned long pe_nhanli = 0;
    unsigned long pe_nhanli_12 = 0;   
    unsigned long pe_nhanli_11 = 0;
    unsigned long pe11 = 0;   
    unsigned long pe12 = 0;
    unsigned long pe11_sac = 0;  
    unsigned long pe12_sac = 0;
    unsigned long pe_volt_battery = 0;         
    unsigned long thoi_gian = 0;  // biến đo thời gian - Time variable
    unsigned long khoang_cach = 0;  // biến lưu khoảng cách - Distance variable
    unsigned long khoang_cach_bao_dong = 0; 
    unsigned long tong_khoang_cach = 0;  
    unsigned long so_lan_do = 0;
    unsigned long hieu_so = 0;
    unsigned long pe_hieu_so = 0;
       
    int GT_button = 0;
    int GT_button_000 = 0;
    int GT_button_cong_12_000 = 0;  
    int GT_button_tru_11_000 = 0;   
    int time_x = 0;
    int GT_button_cong_12 = 0;  //+
    int GT_button_tru_11 = 0;   //-   
    int do_rung = 0; //độ rung mạnh  
    int do_am = 0; //độ to của âm 
    void tien_sacpin (unsigned long giay)
    { 
      unsigned long peham_sac = millis(); 
      while((millis() - peham_sac <= giay) && (dovolt_out >= 650) && (khoa_bao_dong == 0)){
            //đo volt ngoài 
            dovolt_out = analogRead(volt_cam_sac_A2);
            //Serial.println(dovolt_out);                                          
            //nháy đèn
            if((den1 == 0) && (millis() - pe12 >= 150)){pe11 = millis(); digitalWrite(led_4,HIGH); den1 = 1; den2 = 0;}   
            if((den2 == 0) && (millis() - pe11 >= 150)){pe12 = millis(); digitalWrite(led_4,LOW); den2 = 1; den1 = 0; }  
            //sạc 1000ms nghỉ 100ms(or 1000ms/500ms), giảm nhiệt độ(or 1000ms/500ms)
            if((sac_1 == 0) && (millis() - pe12_sac >= 100)){pe11_sac = millis(); digitalWrite(chan_sac_8,HIGH); sac_1 = 1; sac_2 = 0;}   
            if((sac_2 == 0) && (millis() - pe11_sac >= 1000)){pe12_sac = millis(); digitalWrite(chan_sac_8,LOW); sac_2 = 1; sac_1 = 0; }  
            
            //2 button + -
            GT_button_cong_12 = digitalRead(button_cong_12);
            GT_button_tru_11 = digitalRead(button_tru_11);
            //nhấn lỳ 2 nút + - để...
    Read more »

  • Solder the electronic components in the box (Upgrade version)

    Tiendo09/01/2017 at 10:49 0 comments

    Solder tin three main circuits on each other, the circuits are linked together by the GND.


    Solder tin electronic components onto the circuit.


    where to led.


    Jack DC with Button On / Off.


    Video: Observe from four directions.

  • Circuit diagram upgrade

    Tiendo08/26/2017 at 18:02 0 comments

    With circuit diagram upgrade, it consumes less power than before.

    * The mode of operation.

       - Battery charging mode.

       - Finger vibration mode.

       - Sound mode.

       - Alarm mode (Acts as an alarm device in the house. If there is a moving object it will emit sound. Alarm mode is started by pressing hold two " + - " nodes in 3 seconds).

       + The device automatically turns off the power when the voltage on the battery is less than 3.6 volts. 

       + Two buttons " + , - " Used to set, increase or decrease the volume of Buzzer or vibrating motors. (Save settings to EEPROM).

       + Voltage boost module (3.7V --> 7V). Used to power the Arduino pro mini.

  • All electronic components for upgrades

    Tiendo08/25/2017 at 17:01 0 comments

    All electronic components for upgrades

    0                  Name of electronic components     Number
     1  HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor    1
     2  Arduino pro mini    1
     3  Module increases the voltage from 3.7 v to 7v    1
     4  Battery 3.7v 300mah    1
     5  4N60C Mosfet    1
     6  A1015 Transistor     1
     7  C2500 Transistor    1
     8  Buzzer    1
     9  Micro dc coin vibrator motor    2
     10  Jack DC    1
     11  Adapter 5v1a    1
     12  Button    3
     13  Led    1
     14  Fr107 Diode    2
     15  100k ohm Resistor     1
     16  10k ohm Resistor     7
     17  2.2k ohm Resistor    2
     18  510 ohm Resistor    1
     19  200 ohm Resistor     1
     20  Small wire    1
     21  "C1815 Transistor"     2

  • Selection of electronic components

    Tiendo08/25/2017 at 15:31 0 comments

    I will supply voltage about 7 volt to Arduino pro mini on port RAW. This helps Arduino pro mini measure the battery voltage properly.

    I use the voltage boost module.

    The module lifts the voltage from 3.7v to 7v2a .

    Or module to raise the voltage from 3.7v to the desired voltage.

    C2500 Transistor used to turn on / off the charger. 4N60C Mosfet is used to turn on / off power (4N60C mosfet replaces Relay3v3a).

  • Start improving the product

    Tiendo08/20/2017 at 19:48 0 comments

    Thank you to the judges, who chose my project for the Best Product category.

    I will start implementing the list below and make 3 copies of the product to send to the judges.

    - Improved circuit diagram:

       + Replace Relay 3v3a with Mosfet 4N60C.

       + Use the voltage boost module (3.7V --> 7V). Used to power the Arduino pro mini.

       + The device automatically turns off the power when the voltage on the battery is less than 3.6 volts. (The device works well when the battery has a voltage greater than 3.6 volts).

       + Add 2 buttons " + , - " Used to set, increase or decrease the volume of Buzzer or vibrating motors. (Save settings to EEPROM).

       + Charge time (Poli 3.7v 300mah): From 3.6v to 4.2v is about 40 minutes.

    - Edit program.

    - Led on the front to catch the attention of the opposite person.

    - Improved wrist strap more flexible, more comfortable.

    - Add alarm function (Acts as an alarm device in the house. If there is a moving object it will emit sound).

  • The bracelet is fabric-covered and adjustable in size

    Tiendo07/19/2017 at 15:54 0 comments

    I use elastic fabric to wrap the bracelet. Can take advantage of the socks

    The bracelet, adjustable to fit more people's hands.

    Can wear medium with the hands of more people.

    I took advantage of the helmet and my socks. The strap is taken from another broken helmet.

View all 8 project logs

  • 1
    Circuit Diagram - Descriptions.

    The bracelet has 3 operating modes: Battery charging mode, Finger vibration mode, Sound mode.

    - "Button" is used to turn the device on or off by pressing and holding for 3 seconds. Or to switch between two modes, finger vibration mode or sound mode.

    - Pc817 has function to close circuit to A2 pin measure battery voltage.

    - Relay has a function to turn on / off the power from the battery with charging feet and Arduino.

  • 2
    Make circles from the plastic pipe

    water plastic pipe ∅21mm and ∅48

    And it fit the size of my hand


  • 3
    Make a box containing the circuit

    I cut a lot of small plastic sheets, to fit into the box shape, then use plastic glue to connect them

    Now try wearing it on your hand. Looks pretty okay

    Use plastic glue to connect them.

View all 6 instructions

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Discussions

mcmasterp wrote 08/22/2017 at 23:59 point

Your code is very well written. Have you considered adding an accelerometer? That way you can have the vibration activate on the side the person is sweeping on.

  Are you sure? yes | no

Tiendo wrote 08/25/2017 at 01:07 point

Thank you! I'm thinking of the GPS module and the Sim module for the project. I will try it with accelerometer.

  Are you sure? yes | no

DoraBritton wrote 08/18/2017 at 06:40 point

Your blog is very nice thank you for share this information this is really superb I like it very much there are many things provided for good and quality process. I am a writer working with best essay writing service it will give us the best choice of writing service. I am a writer working with best essay writing service(https://waltessays.com).

  Are you sure? yes | no

Tiendo wrote 08/19/2017 at 20:09 point

Thank you DoraBritton!

  Are you sure? yes | no

mcmasterp wrote 08/15/2017 at 23:24 point

I tried this as well but hit the limits of the sonic sensor when bouncing off angled surfaces. I want to try one if the lidar modules but $150 each is a bit much.

I can't wait to review your code

  Are you sure? yes | no

Tiendo wrote 08/16/2017 at 10:19 point

Thank you!  I will try more.

  Are you sure? yes | no

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