80C32/8052AH-BASIC single-board computer
The above diagram shows a minimum amount of hardware required to support the 80C52-BASIC chip. Small systems can be constructed with only an address latch, 1K byte of external memory, and the appropriate serial port drivers. With the addition of a transistor, a gate, and a few passive components, BASIC-52 can program EPROM/EEPROMs directly. Both standard and fast programming algorithms are supported.
- FPGA BOARD
- HDL based 8052 softcore
- latest BASIC-52 firmware
- SDCC or Keil assembler/compiler/IDE
- UART TTL-USB board
We can go with small form factor and low cost FPGA boards for easy and affordable implementation. Tested with MAX1000 board and STEPFPGA-MAX10 board. Both the boards are 8k Logic Elements.
MAX1000 comes with 10M08SAU169C8G FPGA device
STEPFPGA-MAX10 comes with 10M08SAM153C8G FPGA device
Both the boards are based on Intel MAX10 FPGA. Both the boards have inbuilt JTAG configuration support. There is no external FLASH memory required to store the configuration and user program. We can use SOF for SRAM based configuration and POF for permanent FLASH storage.
- Intel MAX10 FPGA: 10M02SCM153C8G/10M08SCM153C8G/10M08SAM153C8G
- On board USB Blaster programming circuit
- 2-character 7-segment display
- Two RGB LEDs
- Four switches
- Four push buttons
- Eight user LEDs
- Power from MicroUSB connector
- 40 pins DIP connector with 36 User I/Os
The above FPGA board available with 3 different device variants. The tests were performed using 10M08SAM153C8G. This board is very small and compact size comes in DIP-40 size with 600 mils wide.
STEPFPGA-MAX10 pin map
The system clock oscillator is 12MHz. We can run the system as it is or through inbuilt PLL. We can go upto 60MHz clock for C8 speed grade of the MAX10 FPGA
Similarly the serial output was tested upto 921600 baud rate!
There are many free HDL softcore available both in VHDL and Verilog. We will go with T51 core and can be downloaded from here. Apart from the 8052 controller we have to implement 8k ROM required for BASIC-52 and 4k RAM for program and variable storage.
We can load the BASIC-52 into ROM using VHDL file or intel HEX file format. Loading HEX file is much easier than converting the HEX file into VHDL.
The latest available firmware version V1.31. Both source code and HEX output file are available. We need to include the path of the HEX file in the init_file for the ROM implementation so that the HEX file will be automatically loaded into the 8k ROM.
We can also have LED blinky project and HEX file for initial testing of the core before loading the BASIC-52 into ROM.
USB to UART TTL Converter
Any standard converter supporting 3.3V level is sufficient. We will be using Tx, Rx and GND signals. If we want to power up the SBC from USB to TTL converter board, then we can make use of +5V from the converter board. By using this we eliminate additional cable.
Tested the 8052 BASIC-52 SBC with 60MHz clock and serial baud of 921600. Works without any issues.
The same concept can be extended to other family of processors or controllers.